Tommy is a small mongrel cat that we got one day very small in a garbage can, we took him home to provide him with the necessary care and then find him a loving home that would love him, however as time passed Tommy began to present a day of decay and lack of appetite.
We thought it was a patch on his stomach from something he had eaten and we let it pass for a few more days, but the situation worsened, he began to present high temperatures, vomiting and diarrhea, so he was taken to the vet for review.
The doctor who treated him examined him and according to his clinical picture it could be several things, he began to rule out and applied a very expensive test called snap to determine if it was one of the most feared viruses in cats.
Indeed, the result was positive. Tommy had feline panleukopenia, which in dogs is parvovirus, a fatal disease that if not treated in time causes the death of the animal. It was a tough process, because Tommy was barely 4 months old, he had not been vaccinated and with this diagnosis things were difficult.
Tommy was about to die, but thanks to the skill of the veterinarians who treated him, and gave him symptomatic treatment, today the cat is recovered, but on a strict diet based on carrots, fat-free consommé and fruits, since his stomach was very affected by this virus.
Feline Panleukopenia, is a virus very similar to canine parvovirus, it is a single strand of DNA. It is a very contagious and serious infection that causes gastrointestinal, immune and nervous system diseases.
This disease is transmitted by direct contact either by nasal discharge, saliva, feces or any secretion or fluid from one animal to another or a contaminated environment, as explained by the veterinarian Jorge Tartaret, National Coordinator of the Nevado Mission.
The expert points out that another contagion factor occurs when a contaminated cat urinates in one group and another had contact with him and transmitted the disease; A placental transmission also occurs when a pregnant cat has it and passes it to the cat.
Appearance of symptoms
A cat can be infected in two or three days before the clinical symptoms and this can already be the transmitter of this virus that can be found in feces, urine, penetrate orally, affects the bone marrow, intestines, lymph nodes and eyes.
Another of the most striking symptoms is altered eyes, they can also have diarrhea, a fever of more or less than 40 ° C, the animal is depressed and anorexic, explained Tartaret.
To detect fever in the animal, the temperature is taken in the cat's rectum with a digital or rectal thermometer.
“Unfortunately, as these are very general symptoms, we veterinarians do not diagnose it because it goes unnoticed; the only option to diagnose it is by a snap and its cost is high, "said the doctor.
He also emphasized that when the animal is serious, sepsis occurs and the intestine is destroyed and that is when there is nothing to do.
The specialist stated that the treatment consists of attending to the symptoms that the animal presents. "If he has an infection, it is controlled with antibiotics, if it is vomiting he is given an antiemetic, diarrhea is an antidiarrheal," explained Tartaret.
The doctor stressed that prevention against this disease that has no cure is vaccination on time. “The vaccine that prevents this disease is the triple feline which must be applied to the cat's two months of age; this vaccine is composed to prevent three viral diseases that are rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia and calicivirus ”, he highlighted.
He also added that the Nevado Mission does not have days of the vaccination plan, they only apply the rabies vaccine, which is manufactured in Venezuela, so they have not been affected by the blockade imposed by the US, reported Tartaret.
The specialist stressed that in Venezuela there is no preventive culture of vaccination in cats. “Right now it is beginning to see more consultations and vaccinations in felines; here we did not have the culture of taking cats to a veterinary check-up or applying a vaccination plan ”, the doctor stressed.
The veterinarian, Jorge Tartaret, commented that several cases of panleukopenia have come to his consultation, but when they reach their diagnosis there is little that can be done for the animal, because when the person responsible for it detects that something is not right in cats the disease has already advanced and caused damage to the body.
"Many times when the owner of the animal takes it to the consultation, it is already in very bad condition or with a reserved prognosis and few have been saved after being diagnosed with the disease," he said.