Alaman

Lucas Alamán was born in Guanajuato on October 18, 1792. Understanding his life requires a kaleidoscopic view, due to the multifaceted nature of his actions: businessman, naturalist, historian, writer and politician within the framework of our founding struggles.

Deciphering the context helps to scare away the single shadows that accompany the character, in order to dispel the usual simple Manichaeism.

His biography places him as coming from an opulent family and as a man trained in the science of his time. Likewise, he highlights him as a citizen of ideas in the viceregal era.

He lived with stupor, for personal reasons, the revolutionary gale of 1810.

A milestone in Alamán's existence was 1814, when he left Veracruz on his way to Cádiz, with the intention of increasing his understanding of botany and mineralogy. At this time of upheaval he had as interlocutors important figures such as Alejandro von Humboldt, Benjamín Constant, among others. It would also be the time to establish relations with his compatriot Servando Teresa de Mier. His second trip to the Old World would take place in 1821, under other circumstances and for other reasons. He was in favor, and had stated so, of Spain resuming its imperial status: a European prince should be placed in charge of Mexico, Peru and New Granada. The anti-absolutist liberal triennium was running.

Now he was a deputy for the province of Guanajuato in the Cortes opposed to Fernando VII.
After the emancipation of his homeland, Alamán returned to his homeland, serving as co-founder and permanent member of the Mexican Conservative Party. He was an enemy of federalism and popular elections.

It is notable, despite his reactionary spirit, his attachment to the Our American unionist vision synthesized in his proposal for a “Family Pact.”

The idea of ​​strengthening the ties of the emerging nations of the region by creating treaties of friendship and trade, while at the same time reducing their geographical and political distances, was its fundamental concern. His sovereign position was against the Monroe Doctrine that came to fill the space left by timid Spain. In this sense, the task assigned to his plenipotentiaries, in 1831, to reactivate, in Central and South America, the integrationist assembly of the Liberator is inscribed: “To recognize with the great Bolívar, that Independence has been purchased at the cost of all the goods that Spanish America enjoyed (...) Well, what has happened in Mexico has been repeated with very slight and temporary exceptions in all that were Spanish possessions, the effects of the disorder being felt in Mexico in a more painful way, for having a powerful neighbor who has contributed to causing them and has known how to take advantage of them.”

He had already alarmed his countrymen about the danger that Mexico would be stripped of the province of Texas and was exploring a colonization plan to prevent it. Alamán was Secretary of State and of the Office of Foreign and Interior Relations in the governments of the Supreme Executive Branch, Guadalupe Victoria and Anastasio Bustamante, respectively. He made many more contributions, such as the creation of the Banco de Avió, and the refoundation of the General and Public Archive of the Nation. His famous work History of Mexico is a must-see. Lucas Alamán died in Mexico City on June 2, 1853.

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