HomeOpinionThe other side of the Normandy landings

The other side of the Normandy landings

Although the whirlwind of international events is very intense, I try to write only one article a week so as not to overwhelm my readers with so much information. This week it was inevitable to comment on the triumph of Claudia Sheinbaum and the alliance that will give continuity to the López Obrador government in Mexico.

However, I have watched with amazement the crude and shameful show celebrating the 80th anniversary of the Normandy landings in France, assuming that the world is full of stupid people who do not realize that they are trying to distort history. It seems to me that something needs to be said. But since I don't have time to write something new, I recovered an article I wrote in June 2014 with the same reason, when 70 years had passed since the event. I think it is valid and current. At the end a small comment note.

Between August 1942 and February 1943, the largest war in the history of humanity took place. The Battle of Stalingrad produced a little more than 2 million casualties among soldiers of both armies and Soviet civilians.

The Soviet victory meant a turning point in the Nazi intention to defeat that country and the beginning of a counteroffensive by the Armed Forces under the command of Marshal Zhukov, which did not stop until the definitive victory in Berlin in May 1945. In That measure, Stalingrad, embodied a change in the strategic correlation of forces of the Second World War and the conviction of the West that Soviet power was not going to fall due to the overwhelming force of the Nazi army, a supreme aspiration of the allied forces that during the two Previous years they watched with undisguised ambition for this event to occur.

Trying to contain the Soviet troops, in July 1943 Hitler ordered the attack of his main forces, which gave rise to the Battle of Kursk (in Ukrainian territory), considered the largest in terms of the participation of armor (8.000). ) and planes (5.000) between both contenders. The Soviets went on the offensive and between July and August managed to defeat the largest group of German forces surviving from Stalingrad, conveniently reinforced by Hitler. The defeat at Kursk was the last Nazi attempt to go on the offensive on the Eastern Front.

Immediately, the Soviet command ordered to continue the counteroffensive to take advantage of the high degree of demoralization produced by the defeats of the Nazi army in Stalingrad and Kursk, which is why between August and October 1943 the Battle of Smolensk broke out, causing around of 250 thousand German and allied casualties and 400 thousand among Soviet soldiers and civilians. This conflict allowed the entry of troops into Belarus, starting the fights for the liberation of that republic.

Simultaneously, in August of that year, the Battle of the Dnieper began. At the end of it in December, the Nazi forces had 700 casualties and the Soviet forces had 250 casualties. This confrontation is also considered one of the largest in history, with the participation of around 4 million combatants between both sides.

During the last months of 1943 and the beginning of 1944, the advance of Soviet troops towards the west remained unstoppable. kyiv, Crimea, Odessa, Sevastopol and Novgorod were liberated, creating conditions to break the siege on Leningrad that had lasted 900 days uninterruptedly from September 1941 to January 27, 1944 without the Nazi high command having achieved the objective of capturing the city.

Thus, the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces prepared for the summer of 1944 Operation Bagration aimed at displacing the Germans from Belarus and the Baltic countries, completely liberating their vast territory from all foreign military presence and entering occupied Europe through from Poland. This battle meant the total annihilation of 17 divisions of the Nazi army, leaving 50 of them seriously diminished.  

Operation Bagration based its success on the extraordinary work of Soviet intelligence, which managed to detect the German plans down to the last detail, managing to plan the operations in advance, get ahead of them, and take away any possibility of initiative from the enemy who was surprised and without ability to respond to the attack of the troops under the command of Marshals Zhukov, Vasilevsky, Bagramian, and Rokossovsky and Army General Iván Chernyajovsky, who died in combat in Poland in February 1945

So that was the situation on the battlefields when finally, the Allied high command decided to open the Western Front by executing the Overlord Plan and the landing in Normandy as part of it. From that moment on, Western mythology has been in charge of transforming the landing in Normandy - through Hollywood and its great ideological and propaganda apparatus - into the “decisive battle” of the Second World War, granting the US armed forces a role that does not fit in history. This is not about minimizing the contribution of the allies in the war, but the late and self-serving realization of the landing pursued political objectives linked to the situation that would be created in the postwar period.

The truth is that the sustained Soviet advance in the east aroused concern in the Atlantic alliance in the race to reach Berlin first and, in the first instance, Paris, in a France that resisted through its communist partisans while General De Gaulle He lived in London and grumbled with imprecations of all kinds about the American-British delay in executing the long-awaited landing, whose delay threatened to call into question his own ability to lead the process of liberation of France.

It must be said that in mid-June of that year, Soviet intelligence had managed to misinform Germany about its plans on the Eastern Front, which is why it concentrated large numbers of units in the east that it could never move to the west. Furthermore, its troops were spread across a wide combat front that ran from the Baltic to the Mediterranean, where, in addition to Soviet troops, rural and urban guerrilla forces fought heroically in Italy, Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Poland and Greece.

Without detracting from the thousands of Allied soldiers and French civilians who fell during and after the landing in Normandy, who risked their lives in order to destroy the plague of Nazism, the figure of 214 thousand Allied casualties and 300 thousand German dead and wounded , pales before the previously recounted dimensions of the epic days of combat that the Soviet Union suffered for 3 years.

If the landing in Normandy could be compared in military terms with the battles in Stalingrad, Leningrad, Smolensk, Kursk or the Dnieper, it would have to be said that the first was a simple skirmish, not so much because of the magnitude of the military forces and land weapons. , air and naval occupied in the operations, but above all because unlike the Soviets who fought to liberate their homeland and their people suffered firsthand the excesses and indiscriminate repression of the Nazi war and repression apparatus, the United States and Great Britain They were fighting outside their territory, engaged in a geopolitical battle to prevent the country of the Soviets from being the first to reach Berlin and achieve the glory of defeating the Third Reich in its own rabbit hole. It was part of the cold war and bipolar world.

It is true that 45 years later the Soviet Union was defeated and disappeared, that its líderIt is from then that they did not have the same greatness as those who led them in the Great Patriotic War and that their disappearance announced “the end of history.” But that is one thing, and another is that attempts are made through cinematographic means to distort history, build false idols and deprive the people of the Soviet Union of the substantive contribution they made to the freedom not only of themselves, but of all of humanity. .

“Honor, honor,” said José Martí and the honor of French President Francois Hollande must be recognized when during the events commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Allied landing on June 6, on the Norman beaches he highlighted “the courage of the Red Army and the contribution of the people of the then Soviet Union to the defeat of Nazism in World War II.” Hollande made clear his desire to “… salute the courage of the Red Army that, far from here, in the face of 150 German divisions, was able to push them back”

At the event, which was attended by 19 heads of state, including Barack Obama of the United States and Vladimir Putin of Russia, Hollande highlighted “…the decisive contribution of the people of the so-called Soviet Union” during that contest.

In that sense, the Prensa Latina agency recalled that "When the Allied command decided to open the Western Front with the landing of more than 130 thousand troops from various countries in Normandy, the Red Army had already practically defeated the German forces that invaded its territory." country adding that "The confrontation cost the now defunct Soviet Union a harsh price of more than 20 million human lives, as well as the destruction of a large part of its territory."

NOTE: The world has gone so far backwards that just 10 years ago, in 2014, the presidents of Russia and the United States could commemorate together the defeat of Nazi-fascism in Europe. Likewise, the regression has been so atrocious that a decade ago the president of France recognized the relevant role of the Soviet Union in the defeat of the Nazi hordes. Today, in 2024, on the contrary, the United States and France support Nazi fascism, promote it, arm their forces and train their soldiers. This is the very poor level of Western leadership, ignorant and genuflecting before Nazism, which they support to lead the world into a third world war, assuming that, as in 1941, a defeat of Russia will lead them to salvation. of capitalism and the maintenance of the hegemony they support.

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