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Khomeini, the Revolution and Palestine

Read the article by Sayid Marcos Tenório here.

The date of June 3 has a very important meaning for all the free peoples of the world. On this date in 1989, Imam Ayatollah Ruhollah (Spirit of God) Khomeini, a líder without affinity with worldly life, of unwavering faith, a dedicated sage, who led his people to the patriotic and popular Revolution and founded the Islamic Republic of Iran on the ruins of the tyrannical and arrogant government of the Palhevi dynasty. A líder completely dedicated to God, which left the profound message of the Islamic Awakening in the minds of millions of people around the world.

She was born in 1902, into two very knowledgeable religious families, on May 17, the same date of birth as the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad, Fatima Azzahra. Her father, the martyr Ayatollah Assayed Mustafa Al-Mousawi, was a great Islamic scholar and líder politician of just causes. His mother, Hajar Agha Khanum, was the daughter of Ayatollah Al-Mirza Ahmad, a member of the highest religious authority of his time. He was married to Khadijeh Saqafi, with whom he had seven children. His eldest son, Sayyed Mustafa Khomeini, was martyred in the Iraqi city of Najaf by agents of SAVAK, the Shah's political police, in cooperation with Saddam Hossein's forces.

Khomeini was firm in his faith and obedience to God, he truly loved his country, the people, the poor and oppressed. This love and conviction for justice and rights made him the líder of the opposition of the Palhevi dynasty for its pro-imperialist policies, to the detriment of the interests of the Iranian nation, and the false reforms that targeted Islam and Persian Muslims.

After the 1953 military coup that deposed and imprisoned the prime minister who nationalized Iranian oil, Mohamed Mossadeg, there was brutal and open interference by the United States and the United Kingdom in all of Iran's economic and political affairs, turning the country on a protective basis for the interests of imperialism in the region. Imam Khomeini was one of the líderIt is the most prominent of the mobilizations of opposition to external forces and the regime of Shah Palhevi.

As a result of his leadership, security forces invaded his home and took him to Castle Prison, a torture center in Tehran. Thousands of people held protests throughout the country, in which several were murdered by agents of the regime, which was forced to release Imam Khomeini.

Khomeini was arrested several times for confronting the regime of Shah Reza Palhevi, always with a firm stance towards his executioners, until he was exiled to Turkey in 1964, and then to Iraq, where he settled in the city of Najaf for 16 years, continuing his religious life and struggle. During this period he wrote the book “The Islamic Government”, which was translated into Arabic and distributed throughout the region.

Due to the persecution suffered in Iraq, coordinated by the Iraqi and Iranian political police, Khomeini decided to move to Kuwait, but was prohibited from entering the country. He then decided to go into exile in France and settled in the city of Luchat, from where he sent his speeches in writing and on K7 tapes to Iran, encouraging demonstrations, marches and strikes against a regime that was increasing oppression, arrests and barbarism.

Khomeini returned from exile to Iran on February 1, 1979 and was welcomed by a crowd of millions of Iranians, who hailed him as líder and guide of the victorious Revolution that proclaimed the Islamic Republic on February 11, confirming that Imam Khomeini was not only the man of the Revolution, but also the man of the first Islamic government in the world, based on the Quran, the revelation of God to his Messenger.

Once the revolution was victorious, US imperialism imposed, through Saddam Hussein's regime, a proxy war that lasted 7 years, 10 months, 4 weeks and 1 day, with the aim of weakening the Revolution and bringing chaos to the young Islamic Republic of Iran. The war caused thousands of martyrs and cost around a billion dollars.

Imam Khomeini was aware of the problems of the Islamic Nation, especially the Palestinian issue. One of his first messages was about the commitment of the Revolution to the liberation of Palestine, of all of Palestine, and to the creation of an Islamic resistance in Lebanon to liberate its territories occupied by the Zionists.

The Embassy of “Israel” in Tehran was replaced by the Embassy of Palestine. And the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan was declared by Imam Khomeini as World Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Day, as the awakening of awareness that the Palestinian cause is an international issue, of sovereignty and human rights, the day symbolic in which every oppressed faces his oppressor.

He stressed that maintaining the unity of the resistance forces for the liberation of Palestine was the most important way to achieve victory. He did not believe that the intention of the great colonial powers (the British Empire and the United States) in creating the “State of Israel” was simply to occupy Palestine.

Imam Khomeini believed that if the way was opened to “Israeli” colonialism, all Muslim countries would end up suffering the same fate as Palestine, that is, occupation, destruction, colonization and ethnic cleansing, for the resurgence of the “Greater Israel” theory. ”. It was no coincidence that Imam Khomeini compared “Israel” and its Zionist regime to a cancerous tumor and said that its defeat and eradication was mandatory to achieve peace in the region.

40 years ago, who could have imagined that we would see so much opposition to the Zionist regime around the world? These generations did not imagine that in 2024, the regime that occupied Palestine and that represents the interests of imperialism in the region, would be so repudiated by the people. May millions of free people around the world, in Europe and the United States, become opponents of the Zionist regime and the powers that sponsor the crimes against humanity and the genocide in Gaza.

The world said goodbye to a great líder worthy of his people. Khomeini died in his body, but his message remains alive in the hearts, in the dreams and in the struggle of believers and resisters in Iran and the world, which today translates into the Palestinian resistance, which with its remarkable resilience and heroism, will continue to fight until the entire historic land, with blessed Jerusalem at its center, is liberated.

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Sayid Marcos Tenório He is a historian, specialist in International Relations and vice president of the Brazil-Palestine Institute (Ibraspal). He is the author of the book Palestine: from the myth of the promised land to the land of resistance (Anita Garibaldi / Ibraspal). X: @soupalestina.

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