HomeOpinionJuly 5th,1811

July 5th,1811

On March 2, 1811, the oldest Constituent Congress in Latin America and the second in America was convened in Caracas in the house of the Count of San Javier on the current corner of El Conde, to decide the best kind of government for Venezuela while it lasted. the captivity of King Ferdinand VII in the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte. 38 deputies from the provinces of Caracas, Cumaná, Barinas, Margarita and Mérida attended, later representatives from Trujillo and Barcelona joined.

By 1811, the United States represented an example. Francisco de Miranda had two outstanding performances that helped the United States in its War of Independence against England. As an infantry captain under the orders of the Spanish governor of Cuba, his friend and mentor, General Juan Manuel Cagigal, participated in the taking of Pensacola, forcing the English to capitulate. Spain recovered sovereignty over Florida in 1781. The same triumph was obtained when the English capitulated in New Providence, Bahamas, in 1782.

On July 3, 1811, the weather was tense. The main pressure group towards Congress was the Patriotic Society, created by the secretary of the Supreme Junta of Caracas, Juan Germán Roscio, in August 1810, and made up of Miranda and many young people, among whom was Simón Bolívar. He and Miranda took to the streets to carry out acts of agitation with the people. After an afternoon of discussions and when night filled the premises, Colonel Simón Bolívar spoke: “Isn't three hundred years of calm enough?”

On July 5, 1811, meeting in the Chapel of Santa Rosa de Lima, on the corner of Monjas, and after a long day of discussions, the deputies declared the independence of Venezuela from the kingdom of Spain with only one vote against. They agreed to call the new Republic the American Confederation of Venezuela and appointed a commission to decide on the flag and the drafting of a Constitution. Roscio wrote the minutes that were signed that day and the following days, then transcribed into the Congress minute book.

On February 15, 1819, the Liberator Simón Bolívar addresses each of the constituents of 1811 at the Congress of Angostura and speaks to them about the religion of the people, our wealth, commerce, and our culture. And as a reproach, he exclaims: “Here is the Code that we should consult, and not that of Washington!”

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