On February 21, 1924, the Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera closed the Ateneo de Madrid and banished the writer Miguel de Unamuno, after dismissing him from his professorship at the University of Salamanca.

On April 6 of that year, general elections were held in Italy, in which Benito Mussolini was elected with two-thirds of the chambers.

Two months later, on June 10, socialist deputy Giacomo Matteotti was kidnapped and murdered by Italian fascist militants.

That same month, on June 30, Jewish poet Jacob Israël de Haan was shot dead in Jerusalem by radical Zionist Avraham Tehomi.

One hundred years later, in 2024, things do not seem to be different. Spanish athlete Ana Peleteiro, who was born in Galicia but is of African descent to an unknown father, has been the target of racist attacks since she began creating content for her social media earlier this month. These attacks, paradoxically, intensified after winning the gold medal at the European Athletics Championships this week.

This same week, at a high school graduation ceremony in Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA, a parent pushed the school district supervisor, Rainey Briggs, until he left the premises. The reason? Briggs is African-American and the father, in a racist act, did not want his daughter to shake the teacher's hand.

On June 9, in the European Parliament elections, the extreme right advanced like never before in recent decades. In which countries was the most important advance of the extreme right recorded? In France, Italy and Germany, nations that have intensified their anti-immigrant policies.

Likewise, from October 2023 to date, more than 14.000 children have died, victims of Israeli bombings, according to the international organization Save The Children.

Regarding the latter, we only have a hope that was born in 1924 itself. That year, the League of Nations adopted the Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child, which recognized and affirmed, for the first time, the existence of specific rights for children. boys and girls.

Please, in the remainder of 2024, no more fascism, no more racism and, above all, no more infant deaths. And from our place, to understand this situation, the only way out is education and critical thinking.

IG: @ajnunez_profesor

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