HomeWorldA woman will preside over Mexico for the first time

A woman will preside over Mexico for the first time

This will be a historic step in a nation with a reputation for sexist predominance.

With two ladies, Claudia Sheinbaum and Xóchitl Gálvez as the main candidates among three candidates, the other being Jorge Álvarez Máynez, everything seems to indicate that this Sunday for the first time a woman will be elected as president of Mexico.

In what will be the largest elections in the history of that nation, more than 98 million people are authorized to choose, not only who will succeed Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the top position, but also to select those who will occupy the federal level. more than 20.000 positions, including the 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and the 128 in the Senate.

Those who will be in charge of the governorships of the capital, Mexico City, and the states of Chiapas, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Morelos, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán will also be elected.

López Obrador, who became President in 2018 with more than 30 million votes (53,2%), after two failed attempts in 2006 and 2012, will close his six-year term with broad popular approval of 60%, as reflected by the survey carried out exactly a month ago by the newspaper El Financiero.

The Secretary of the Navy, Admiral José Rafael Ojeda, reported that 27.000 troops will be reinforcing this Sunday the 233.000 who are already part of the security strategy.

Parity democracy

The fact that Sheinbaum and Gálvez are the ones who have the main options to take the reins in the next six years already represents a historic step in that country, which for different reasons has acquired a reputation for having a marked sexist predominance.

In 2017, the company Parametria asked 800 people in Mexico if they considered that nation sexist and 62% responded affirmatively.

Georgina de la Fuente, a member of the Network of Political Scientists, declared to RT last March that this is “a very important moment on the path towards equal democracy.”
in Mexico".

“From the push for the first quotas in the Legislative Branch in the 90s, to the latest reform efforts to guarantee parity in all positions at all levels in 2019, that two women with extensive political careers have a good chance of victory is a milestone and a triumph for women's movements,” she stated at that time.

That year, 10 articles of the Constitution were reformed, guaranteeing that half of the positions were allocated to women in the three branches of government and in party candidacies.

“We cannot ignore the importance of the push for quotas and parity to reach this moment, since we can be certain that it is a change that would not have happened on its own,” stressed Georgina de la Fuente.

The polls

Recent polls show Claudia Sheinbaum as the main favorite, who is the representative of the same party as López Obrador, Morena, and the PT and Pvem. The Mitofsky company, for example, in consultations carried out between May 3 and 6 in housing, gave it a 23,8% advantage over Xóchitl Gálvez (PAN-PRI-PRD).

El Universal published another survey last Tuesday, in which Sheinbaum appeared with 54% of voters' preferences, above Gálvez's 34% and Máynez's 12% (Citizen Movement).

Of the Heras Demotecnia in May it gave 64% for Sheinbaum, with 28% for Gálvez and 8% for Máynez.

Claudia Sheinbaum: the main favorite

Claudia Sheinbaum.

The former head of Government of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, 61, arrives at this Sunday's elections with advantages that for most pollsters are in the order of 20 percentage points, which places her as the main favorite to become the first woman to occupy the presidency of her country.

The standard-bearer of the Let's Keep Making History coalition defines herself as a left-wing activist, with a degree in Physics and a Master's degree in Energy Engineering.

In December 2000, she was appointed Secretary of the Environment of the Federal District, a member of the cabinet of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, then head of Government. In 2007 she was a member of the Intergovernmental Panel of experts on Climate Change that was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 2011 she was part of the founders of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena) and in 2018 she became the first woman to be elected head of Government of the City of
Mexico, with 48% of votes.

His main contender is Xóchitl Gálvez, also 61 years old, who in September of last year was designated as the standard bearer of the opposition alliance Fuerza y ​​Corazón.

She is a businesswoman with a degree in Computer Engineering and Robotics.

The third candidate is Jorge Álvarez Máynez, nominated last January by the Citizen Movement.

The media attacks López Obrador

The President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador. Photo: Presidency of Mexico.

The Mexican head of state, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, to whose political group the main candidate to replace him, Claudia Sheinbaum, belongs, has had to face a virulent campaign from the commercial, national and foreign media, as he himself has denounced in several times through his speeches.

Last February, he rebuked the American newspaper The New York Times for investigating alleged drug trafficking payments in his 2018 election campaign, which had already been ruled out, calling it “a shame (…) this type of journalism is in clear decline.”

Just a month ago, with the presidential battle in full swing, he assured that he was the victim of “a smear campaign” the likes of which had not been seen in decades. He stated that the conservatives thought that, as had happened previously, “they could manipulate public opinion (…) with lies, deception, with falsehoods”, although the whole “dirty war” against them, which collaterally intended to affect Claudia Sheinbaum, “ It has had no effect” as its popularity is still above 60%.

In addition, they tried to hold him responsible for the violence before the elections.

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