HomeLifeIntestinal diseases could cause other diseases

Intestinal diseases could cause other diseases

Although some digestive disorders are chronic, they can be counteracted with medications and good nutrition.

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) are an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation in the colon and small intestine, which can increase the risk of other conditions.

Given this, the Santa Paula Medical Group recommends attending periodic checkups to rule out any more serious illness. IBD must be controlled through treatments and healthy habits, as well as receive endoscopic follow-up to improve the quality of life of those who suffer from it.

Gastroenterologist Rosmary Maza, a member of the Group, explained that IBD is classified into two types, and both generally produce an abnormal immune response in patients: Crohn's disease, which affects from the mouth to the anus, and ulcerative rectocolitis (UCR). ), which produces chronic inflammatory lesions in the colon and rectum.

specialized consultations

Maza explained that to diagnose them, specialized consultation is required in order to evaluate the patient and their symptoms, and diagnostic studies such as laboratory and image evaluations are generally requested, such as tomography, endoscopies (both gastroscopy and colonoscopy, which are specific tests that allow samples to be taken to make a diagnosis by biopsy). Capsule endoscopy can also be used, which helps diagnose Crohn's disease in the small intestine.

The expert mentioned that cigarettes and alcohol are two of the main causes that harm the digestive system. In turn, stress and family history are other risk factors.

Complications

Pathologies such as anemia and colon cancer could lead to these intestinal conditions, so endoscopic monitoring and regular control are essential. He added that these conditions also present their own complications, such as intestinal stenosis and fistulas, in the case of Crohn's disease, which in various cases requires surgery.

Additionally, those who suffer from bloating in the intestine could have a bowel movement 8 to 10 times a day. Not satisfied with this, there is also a risk of suffering from intense intestinal pain that makes it difficult and, in extreme situations, prevents carrying out activities of daily living.

Habit changes and medications

Treatment to counteract the effects of IBD involves the intake of drugs, specifically steroids and immunomodulatory medications.

At the same time, lifestyle changes are crucial: for example, consuming high-fiber foods and avoiding dairy products and stress management.

Finally, apply the use of probiotics in certain cases, since these "contribute to controlling chronic inflammation and having a healthy intestinal flora."

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