HomeJabón de OlorNicolás Maduro and the conspiracy to remote Plata. Essequibo, dangers and...

Nicolás Maduro and the conspiracy to remote Plata. Essequibo, dangers and old hidden stories (5)

Winston Churchill in his book A History of the English Speaking Peoples, writes about the Venezuelan crisis like this:

«Since the fall of Napoleon the American people were so absorbed with the colonization of the continent and the exploitation of its natural resources that they had little interest in foreign affairs. Once the colonization process was completed and with economic development under control, it looked for new fields in which to operate. By 1890 the imperial idea had prevailed in all the great industrial powers. Great Britain, France and Germany were particularly dedicated to the acquisition of new colonies and new markets. This European example did not go unnoticed by North Americans. For these and other reasons, he developed a vigorous spirit of affirmation, which manifested itself, first of all, in the border dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain..

On December 17, 1895, in a message addressed to his country's Congress, President Grover Cleveland announced that the United States

"...will resist by all means any appropriation by Great Britain or its exercise of governmental jurisdiction over any territory that rightfully belongs to Venezuela."

In July, a diplomatic note signed by Richard Olney, Secretary of State of the United States, arrived in London, addressed to His Excellency Mr. Salisbury, British Prime Minister, demanding the submission of the impasse Venezuelan to the Arbitration of the Supreme Court of The Hague,

"...because of the Monroe Doctrine," he explains, "the United States are today practically sovereign on this continent and their word is fiat on all matters in which they limit their intervention.".../...All the advantages of this superiority would be threatened from the beginning. moment when it is admitted that European powers can convert American States into their own colonies or provinces. The principle will be nullified and each power will install a military base against us. What is allowed to one power cannot be denied to the other and it cannot be inconceivable that the struggle now being waged for the division of Africa is transferred to South America. If it were, the weaker countries would undoubtedly be absorbed soon, while the final result could be the distribution of all of South America among the different European powers.

Olney concludes by threatening that, if the proposal is not accepted, the United States will unilaterally determine the Essequiba border. This paper is known in diplomatic history as the "20-inch cannon note", because bullets of that caliber could be fired from the newest North American battleships against British ships that remained in Venezuelan waters after a period of time. A North American naval squadron docked in La Guaira and the world is on the brink of war. The triggering factor has been the concessions granted by Antonio Guzmán Blanco in his role as president of Venezuela, to North American citizens in the mines near the mouths of the Orinoco.

What is Guzmán's objective? We can infer this from the communication he sent to Silva, consul in New York, on August 19, 1887, suggesting that Venezuela send three or four thousand men to expel the English from Guyana. This act would produce war and lead to an English blockade of the ports of Venezuela and the landing of English troops. "This will force the United States to come to the defense of Venezuela and thus solve an annoying problem."

Guzmán Blanco confesses to the consul that this plan was his four years ago, but that "In my capacity as President of the Republic I did not think it was appropriate to propose it." But now, as a diplomat, he can do it. This confession is proving right the deputies who interpreted Guzmán's hostile positions towards England as acts of provocation, even going so far as to break off relations, and shows that Guzmán's aspiration is, after removing the English from the Orinoco, to hand over that river to the United States, which would inevitably reach "even remote Plata," as he writes, that is, South America would be annexed to the North American power.

From these tensions will emerge negotiations held in Paris where England and Venezuela will face each other, represented, of course, by North American lawyers. The president of the court was a Russian judge named Martens, whose final ruling will be the subject of repeated reviews and questioning to this day. He assigns the Orinoco to Venezuela and the Essequibo to Guyana.

Advertisement, it is possible that sectors of the United States are plotting to attack Venezuela from Guyana shortly before the elections to avoid six more years of Maduro. Others studied the opposite a few months ago and Schemel announced it: revocation of sanctions, return of what was stolen, in short, acceptance by the United States of Venezuela's independence. It would be comfortable for a power that owns five percent of the world's oil reserves and is up for elections at the end of this year. It is this second option that President Maduro is playing; he has made public calls in this regard to Biden. Is the game.

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