HomeWorldA new stage begins with Petro and Márquez

A new stage begins with Petro and Márquez

With indigenous people and social movements symbolic shots are made

This Sunday, Gustavo Petro and Francia Márquez, respectively, are sworn in as president and vice president of Colombia, for the period 2022-2026. It is a historical event because it is the first time that a coalition of progressive and left-wing movements has come to power, around the so-called Historical Pact (PH); first time in power for a former guerrilla and an Afro-Colombian in a nation governed for more than 100 years by the right and the extreme right, which has condemned it to exclusion, violence and inequality.

Marisol Rojas, coordinator of the event, said that the transfer of command implies “a new way of governing; respect for life in all its expressions” and work for “an inclusive country from and with the territories; a government that is truly committed and close to the citizens”. She also assured that "it marks a new history for Colombia because it is not the possession of a president, it is the possession of Colombians" and that the presence of some 100.000 people is expected.

The transfer of command from the outgoing president, the far-right Iván Duque, to his successor will take place in Plaza Bolívar in Bogotá. The possession is expected in the afternoon and citizens are invited to the day with some 70 cultural samples; on six platforms with the presence of about a thousand artists. It coincides with the 203rd anniversary of the Battle of Boyacá, which sealed independence.

As a sign of a shift in the new relationship between the government and the population, Petro participated on Thursday in an indigenous ceremony where he received the blessing of ancestral Arhuaco peoples in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. In addition, this Saturday the symbolic act of popular inauguration of Petro and Márquez before social organizations that gave the PH a wide victory is expected.

previous work

The PH will not only rule in the Nariño Palace: his coalition reached two weeks ago, after agreeing with some conservatives, the simple majority in the Senate and, as is customary, the outgoing president gave a final speech before the new Parliament.

Duque was received in Congress with photos of the victims of the violence of his period with a legacy of death and violence of 957 social leaders and 261 peace signatories murdered and 220 disappeared, according to the more than 100 organizations of the Colombian Human Rights Platform. , Democracy and Development. Between boos of "! Mentiroso!", Duque spoke of economic achievements, peace and justice very distant from Indepaz's calculations, which calculates 245 massacres, with 916 murders since 2020, and more than 152.800 displaced in the last two years and tens of thousands more. of confined by the violence that the UN calculated, for which it gave Colombia the infamous record for the third country with the most internally displaced persons in 2021. Duque did not stay to hear what the new senators had for him.

Getting down to work, Congress ratified the Escazú Agreement in less than a week, the first environmental treaty in Latin America and the Caribbean, which would allow the protection of environmental defenders who are so persecuted in that country, and would be a step towards recognizing the environment as a subject of law, as required by the Special Justice for Peace in the face of the ecocides perpetrated during the armed conflict.

Two weeks after installation, and after allegations of corruption, the PH requested an accidental commission for the award of the megaproject, for 3,1 billion pesos (more than $720,47 million) of the Canal de Dique in Magdalena, which would be delivered to finger a Spanish company and would benefit the outgoing vice president Marta Lucía Ramírez. They presented a constitutional reform project to limit the re-election of congressmen and adjust their salaries.

After the joint committee between the outgoing and incoming administrations met, the Petro team denounced irregularities such as the billionaire deficit in education and disinvestment to alleviate hunger and poverty. Petro's representative for the Interior presented the legislative agenda where tax, political and education reforms, bills against hunger and the ban on fracking have priority.

They plan to reform the royalty system, Law 418 for the implementation of peace, the law on promotions in the public force, reform the police to change the ministry and consolidate the new portfolio of peace and coexistence. A wasteland law and the Ministry of Equality.

On Wednesday, regarding the call for total peace, the National Liberation Army and the FARC dissidents reiterated that they will speak with Petro.

Antonio García, leader of the ELN, invited Colombia reports to read the interview, in which he reiterates that the elenos are going to talk. The FARC dissidents published a video of Néstor Vera, alias Iván Mordisco, whom the Duque government said he had assassinated on July 15, asking Petro to dialogue, and Chile and Cuba offered to host these dialogues.

Venezuela

As one of his last provocative gestures, Duque prevented Petro from inviting Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro to his inauguration, alleging that he does not recognize his mandate, but this did not prevent Petro from starting, as president-elect, the reactivation of the bilateral relationship and without Having arrived at the Nariño Palace, one of his first calls was to the Miraflores Palace.

The Petro joint commission pointed out the importance of reactivating Colombo-Venezuelan Monomers, especially in the face of the situation of the blockade of fertilizers from Russia due to the war in Ukraine, while the next deputy foreign minister, Laura Gil, stressed that the consulates in Venezuela will be reopened and the possibility of creating a new Vice Ministry of Migration arose.

On July 26, Álvaro Leyva, Foreign Minister appointed by Petro, arrived in Táchira state and met with Venezuelan Foreign Minister Carlos Faría and Governor Freddy Bernal to restore diplomatic relations broken in 2015.

José Ocampo, the incoming Minister of Finance, said that natural gas would be a temporary source of energy while Colombia switches to renewables and there was talk of reactivating the 224-kilometer gas pipeline that connects both countries and with it the export of gas from Venezuela to Colombia. .

Rebuild regional relations

To strengthen regional integration based on dignity, Francia Márquez, who takes office on Sunday as vice president, toured Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Bolivia, in her last three stops she spoke with the three leaders who identify with the left .

In the case of Brazil, he met with the former president and candidate for this year, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, not with the far-right Jair Bolsonaro, who will not attend the inauguration.
The presidents of Chile, Gabriel Boric; from Ecuador, Guillermo Lasso; from the Dominican Republic, Luis Abinader; from Bolivia, Luis Arce; from Paraguay, Mario Abdo Benítez; from Argentina, Alberto Fernandez; of Panama, Laurentino Cortizo and the president of Honduras, Xiomara Castro and Beatriz Gutiérrez Müller, wife of the Mexican president, together with the foreign minister of that country, Marcelo Ebrard.

Also King Felipe VI of Spain

In the case of the president of Peru, Pedro Castillo, the Parliament of his country denied him permission to attend.

It is worth remembering that Duque prevented the assistance of the Government of Venezuela.

On her trip to Brazil, Francia Márquez met with Lula and not with Bolsonaro.

1 COMMENT

  1. Thank God Ivan Duque is leaving, and with him the sad and shameful history of Uribismo that caused so much damage to that Nation. Hopefully Petro does not become another puppet of the Colombian Oligarchy

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