Tomato is considered both a fruit and a vegetable, and is an integral part of cuisine throughout the world, especially in the Mediterranean region. Its daily consumption provides a great boost to health as well as improving the taste of food in the kitchen. It is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, and exerts a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. It also improves eye health and prevents hypertension and urinary tract infections.
As an abundant source of antioxidants, the tomato contains a large amount of lycopene, a very effective antioxidant against cancer problems caused by free radicals. This benefit can even be obtained from heat processed tomato products, including tomato sauce. Also, the lycopene in tomatoes prevents the oxidation of serum lipids, thus exerting a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. According to a study by the University of North Carolina, more and more people have cardiovascular diseases due to the poor diet that we carry every day, “to avoid this type of disease it is important to eat tomatoes as it is another of the properties of tomato that helps us to have excellent health, ”says cardiologist José Sánchez Calatrava, who adds that another of its benefits is the reduction of macular degeneration syndrome. "This disease affects the central vision that is needed when you have to do activities directly from the front such as reading, driving, etc.", he says.
Another benefit of tomato is its ability to counteract the effect of tobacco. The two main components of tomatoes, coumaric acid and chlorogenic acid, are essential in the fight against nitrosamines that are produced in the body when smoking and that are the main carcinogens in cigarette smoke.
<br>• Keeps the intestine healthy: The tomato keeps the digestive system healthy and prevents against constipation and diarrhea. It also prevents jaundice and effectively removes toxins from the body.
<br>• Reduces hypertension: Daily consumption of tomato reduces the risk of developing hypertension.
<br>• Relieves diabetes: Studies have shown that the daily consumption of tomato reduces oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes.
<br>• Prevents infections urinary tract as well as bladder cancer.
<br>• Prevents gallstones.
• Strengthens the immune system.
<br>• For its diuretic effect, the tomato helps to expel toxins that the body does not need and prevent you from feeling bad, it has been proven that people who consume greater amounts of tomato have better health.
<br>• One of the properties of tomato is that it calms the itching caused by insects and helps to avoid hurting your skin due to the hives that sometimes we get.
SHOP AND COOK
Raw, fried, cooked, in sauce, in juice or in a gazpacho, the tomato is a nutritious, refreshing and accessible food. However, the health benefit of this simple vegetable can be far greater than any drug, the product of expensive and complex research, that man has invented. And, to date, no drug has managed to have as many therapeutic properties as the tomato has revealed. Round, pear, cherry or 'cherry', in branch, among others, but, broadly speaking, all these varieties share the same nutritional properties: they are a source of potassium, phosphorus and magnesium.
Lovers of pizzas, ketchup and dishes washed down with plenty of tomato sauce are in luck: cooking and processing tomatoes does not reduce the health properties of lycopene. Recent research confirms that the body absorbs lycopene from tomatoes much better if it is consumed processed or cooked in oil - fried, roasted and in sauce - than natural or in juice.
When it comes to buying tomatoes, we opt for the freshest ones, with smooth skin without blemishes, soft to the touch and that are neither soft nor dented. They should be chosen neither too green nor too reddish, as tomatoes continue to ripen during storage. A trick to make ripe tomatoes last longer is to place them upside down and separated from each other.
If they are to be consumed raw, they should be washed with plenty of water and a few drops of bleach to eliminate possible germs. In the refrigerator they can be kept in good condition for 6 to 8 days if they are kept whole and a maximum of 2 days in juice or crushed. During the conservation time, the tomato maintains most of the vitamins thanks to its skin and its level of acidity.
1 medium tomato (148 g) contains
Calories of fat 10
Total fat 1g 2%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 5mg 0%
Total carbohydrates 7g 2%
Fiber 1g 4%
Vitamin A 15%
Vitamin C 35%