Stress, obesity, eating disorders, toxic habits, medications. These are some of the factors that conspire to varying degrees to make it difficult for many couples to realize their dream of childbearing. In addition to keeping situations or practices that hinder fertility at bay, it is advisable to promote behaviors and activities that promote fertility
According to the professional, women smokers sometimes require more medication with gonadotropins to stimulate ovulation and have lower implantation rates. Furthermore, “in the case of heavy smoking, there are more possibilities of suffering miscarriages, extrauterine pregnancies and other complications such as placenta previa, prematurity… and even risk of early menopause. As for alcohol, it is advisable to reduce its intake and stop completely during pregnancy ", recommends Verdú.
“Obesity is as detrimental to fertility as is excessive thinness. The former is associated with ovulation failure and an increased risk of gestational diabetes and hypertension. Very low weight can reduce the production of the hormone GnRH and alter ovulation, as well as affect the availability of the uterine lining to allow the embryo to implant in it, “explains the gynecologist consulted.
Hence, Verdú advises consuming foods high in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables; iron and folic acid, present in cereals; and omega-3 fatty acids, which are found naturally in oily fish such as tuna, salmon, sardines or shellfish, "since they can improve the quality of the eggs."
In addition, he recommends avoiding foods made with refined flours, since they increase insulin levels that negatively interfere with ovulation. "Several studies ensure that more than three cups of coffee a day negatively affect female fertility," he points out.
On the other hand, nervous tension can lower the level of gonadotropins and increase prolactin levels, which would end up causing the absence of ovulation, says Dr. Verdú, who also points out that in women with a high level of anxiety and stress, the rates of pregnancy drops and the chances of miscarriage increase.
TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT
• Do not neglect annual gynecological examinations and consult for any condition or discomfort.
• It is convenient to inform the doctor that you are looking for a baby, so that he or she can check our health status and make the appropriate recommendations. Dr. Verdú also advises going to the doctor if after a year trying to conceive a child naturally, he does not arrive, so that he can do the necessary tests or refer him to a specialist.
• Some drugs affect fertility or interfere with fertility treatment drugs; others can cause fetal defects and even miscarriages, so you should tell your doctor if you are taking any drugs.
• Although sport is very beneficial for health and well-being, when planning a pregnancy it is advisable to lower the pace and intensity of exercise.
• Maintaining a positive attitude when seeking pregnancy or starting treatment is vital and helps to cope better and avoid anxiety. "Psychological assistance is of great help to control emotional aspects", highlights Verdú.
• The gynecologist points out that the man is the great forgotten when talking about fertility, but a third of the causes of this are due to the man. «To maintain good sperm quality, we must avoid tobacco consumption, since it can influence the reduction of sperm concentration and their mobility, as well as taking care of diet, controlling stress, reducing alcohol intake and even avoiding wearing tight underwear, as they can weaken the sperm ", according to the expert.
Many couples fondly recall that, when they conceived their children, they were listening to a certain melody, which from then on became a very special and evocative memory. Now it has been discovered that music, in addition to being a happy reminiscence for the couple, can also be a natural ally of fertility. Musical microvibrations increase the chances that the sperm fertilize the ovum in the laboratory, improving in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to pioneering research by the Instituto Marqués, IM. The hypothesis is that microvibrations remove the culture media in which the oocyte swims, produce a more homogeneous distribution of the nutrients it needs, and disperse toxic products, preventing them from accumulating.