Keys to taking care of your knees

Our "hinges" depend on fine, vulnerable connective tissues that can be damaged by direct blows or sharp turns. Although injuries have surgical solutions, they are better prevented than cured. Gentle exercises such as walking, swimming, or running in the water are excellent for accomplishing the task.

The knee is basically a hinge made up of small bones joined by four ligaments. Like those manufactured artificially, this true "hinge" is designed to move back and forth, but not to move from side to side. In reality, this "organic hinge" is one of Nature's worst designed body parts and most prone to damage, trauma experts say. Every year millions of people, young and old, active or sedentary, go to the orthopedist with sprained tendons and ligaments, cartilage damage or arthritis.

The development of strong muscles in the legs and warming up before doing an exercise session are two of the practices that help the most to protect the knees from any damage, since in this way, both the ligaments and the tendons are less flexible. prone to tearing. Injuries to the ligaments (which hold bone to bone) and tendons (which hold muscle to bone) are generally due to falls accompanied by a sprain, causing swelling, pain, and the inability to straighten the knee.

AVOID VIOLENT EXERCISE

Two types of arthritis threaten the knee: osteoarthritis, caused by normal use and walking, and rheumatoid arthritis, suffered when the immune system turns against the body itself, attacking the cartilage of the joints. While violent exercise worsens arthritis, gentle activities such as walking, running in the water, swimming, or cycling increase joint strength, flexibility, and mobility by distributing lubricating fluids to the knee and reducing friction on the joints. Intense training can also help arthritis patients increase their mobility without exacerbating their pain.

Since knee fragility cannot be solved, prevent possible injury by practicing regular exercises to strengthen the muscles associated with the joint, which can be done at home and do not require special devices. Your knees will thank you.

KNOW YOUR KNEE

Cartilage (the hard and resistant material that lines the knee joint), softens the shocks of daily activity and facilitates friction between the bones. The articular cartilage separates the femur from the tibia, preventing them from rubbing against each other; while inside the knee, the menisci (two types of cartilage pads), help absorb shocks, stabilize the knee and distribute the load that represents the weight of the body.

 

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