Today's woman has gained ground compared to her predecessors, as she can be a mother at an age older than decades ago and "erase" the wrinkles on her face to appear younger. Although medical advances have not been able to stop the biological clock that marks the inevitable arrival of menopause around 50. These are a turning point for "women" in terms of overweight since, as age increases, gain weight is more pronounced, although practically the same habits and diet are maintained.
When perimenopause begins, between the ages of 45 and 50, a woman's endocrine system undergoes hypofunction in some of her glands, decreasing in several of the hormones, such as the thyroid, which controls metabolic output, or growth hormone, causing a decrease in muscle mass.
In addition, at this stage, estrogens and progesterone decrease, therefore the tendency to accumulate fat is increasingly noticeable. After 45, women begin to lose part of their muscle mass, which is a gold beta that is crucial to maintain at any age, since it is responsible for 70% of daily caloric intake. Therefore, it is recommended to go to a nutritionist specialized in menopause, since a diet aimed at maintaining this muscle mass is needed.
LESS MUSCLES, MORE FAT
The increase in body fat is caused mainly by the reduction of muscle mass, and indirectly by the progressive decrease in hormones related to lipid metabolism and the feeling of vigor and vitality, such as DHEA, growth hormone, estrogens and progesterone.
To lose the kilos that are gained in menopause, it is recommended to put yourself in the hands of a specialist or center specialized in weight loss for women with menopause, focused on losing weight, improving muscle mass, balancing the emotional profile and a guide of nutritional instructions and of new habits, allowing you to maintain your weight. To stay slim and vital at this stage of life, a woman should increase her physical activity.
• To stop being overweight in menopause, it is advisable to reduce the consumption of saturated fats present in whole dairy products, fatty meats, sausages, pastries, sauces or sweets, to avoid a rise in cholesterol.
• Cereals should always be consumed whole and not refined, since the excess glycemic index of refined cereals also facilitates the formation of fat deposits at the abdominal level.
• The consumption of omega 3, contained in oily fish and dried fruits such as walnuts, is essential at this stage, both for its anti-inflammatory activity and to prevent the rise in blood cholesterol as a result of the increase in abdominal fat mass. • Natural treatments make menopause easier. Among the most used plants and remedies, and which depending on the case help to reduce hot flashes, fatigue and dry skin, among other ailments, are Omega 3, hops, black cohosh, Andean maca, oil of evening primrose and soybeans.