Asking whether in helping to define the Eurasian geopolitical dominance of the world, Afghanistan has for decades been a kind of pivot on which current achievements and perspectives of that geopolitical dominance rest, is not far-fetched, as it might seem at first glance. And it is not because that small and poor country, located in the heart of Central Asia and surrounded by powerful neighbors, has been at the center of both the imperial domination plans of the United States to subdue it and those of China to integrate it into the achievement. of the Eurasian continental unit that allows it to carry out the ambitious economic and commercial development plans that it has been promoting without obstacles.
In XNUMX Afghanistan seemed like a peaceful and calm kingdom. In XNUMX the king is overthrown and the country becomes a progressive republic. The radical wing of the Communist Party, which is called the Democratic Party of the Afghan People, carries out a coup and seizes power. They want social changes, but their sectarianism and violence are widely rejected. Radical Islamism grows and the government asks the Soviet Union for help. It invades the country, thus falling into the American trap, and begins to get bogged down. The governments of the United States, first Carter and then Reagan, reactivate the Cold War, denouncing the “communist danger”And the power of Russia over the Afghan government. They soon turn that struggle into a global crusade against Soviet communism now centered in Afghanistan. Thus, the United States, allied with Pakistan, promotes an open and costly pro-Islamic terrorist policy and creates, finances, arms and trains all kinds of Islamic fundamentalist organizations. In front of them, the so-called mujahedeen focus their terrorist action in Afghanistan, but they also penetrate the neighboring Soviet republics of that time and are projected towards the Muslim countries of the Middle East. From that criminal American policy derive all the violent Islamic terrorist and fundamentalist movements that we know. The most recent of these at that time was that of the Taliban, created in XNUMX. The Taliban, brutal Afghan fundamentalists of the Paschtum ethnic group, the majority in the country, described by the United States as “freedom fighters”, Lead the anti-Russian fight and the battered Russia withdraws from the country. The tolerant government that it leaves is massacred, and the Taliban, with internal support and Yankee, seized power in XNUMX.
In September 2001, with the attack on the WTC towers, Afghanistan returned to the fore. With cynicism, the United States now declares war against terrorism and accuses Osama bin Laden, creator of Al Qaeda, a former agent of its own, of being responsible for the attack and of hiding in an Afghan cave protected by the Taliban. With support, invade Afghanistan, starting the war that 20 years later just ended recently with the most humiliating defeat of today's decadent empire. Yankee have suffered. The story of the attack on the Towers is a mess of lies. The official version is false and has been questioned to the point that the United States government froze any official investigation for 50 years. The attackers were Saudis and had nothing to do with Afghanistan, whose invasion, like Iraq in 2003, was planned beforehand, also based on lies. Bin Laden's responsibility is more than doubtful; and his videos, voice statements and confession of responsibility in the attack are false montages yankees, as seems to be the gruesome show that Obama put on years later about his capture and death.
The arguments to justify the war were false or ambiguous: Avoid a new attack such as that of the towers. From Afghanistan? Protect Afghan women by defending their rights violated by the Taliban. Did they ignore that having been its promoters, shipowners and financiers? Certainly they did something about it. But interest in the Taliban waned when the United States, at the head of a huge coalition, invaded Iraq, an oil-rich and wealthy country, in 2003, while the Afghan war, which seemed easy to win, made little progress amid bombings, destruction and massacres. . The true goals are unclear, plus they changed over the years. There was talk of making the country an Islamic democracy. Biden has just denied it, although Blinken qualifies it by saying that they wanted to turn Afghanistan into a country that would serve the interests of the United States, which is precisely what they call democracy. The true plan, undeclared, was defined in the following years: to block with the Afghan wedge in its power the Chinese economic expansion and its link with Iran and Russia, which was then beginning to take shape. None of this matters now. They failed. And the result was the embarrassing disaster we've seen. With this, Afghanistan returns to the forefront of the world. So, whatever happens now, everything indicates that the Afghan victory has been the pivot from which the defeat and the almost certain US withdrawal from Central Asia derive, which strengthens the Eurasian expansion of China and Russia and shapes what would be a decisive change in the current geopolitical picture of our planet.
But Afghanistan also has the opportunity to serve as a pivot for its own progress. It will depend on what the Taliban decides and what it actually does. Its current leaders know - and have declared - that they cannot go back to rule with terrorism, intolerance and the ugly crimes of the past because no one would recognize their rule and the country would plunge into a civil war that would lead to disaster. They have declared that they have changed, that women will be able to study and work and will have rights, that they will respect the press, that their country will not be used to attack neighboring countries, that they want their help to start their own and contribute to getting it out of business. poverty. They have talked with China, which offers them trade agreements to incorporate them into the Silk Road, build infrastructure, exploit wealth such as lithium and rare earths that the country has and that years ago was not known. No neighboring country has broken relations with them and even Turkey proposes to talk. The most reluctant is Russia, but not because it is not interested but only because it knows them and first demands safe guarantees against terrorism. And even the United States declares that it is willing to talk with them.
Nothing is easy. They are not believed. Because of their past, but also because they are not a vertical and homogeneous force and several of their local leaders continue to talk about Shariastrict, to lock up women and pursue music, dance and all innovative opinions. Furthermore, it will not be easy for them to form a government. They must face the IS-K, the most criminal sector of the ISIS (or Daesh), an enemy terrorist group of yours in the country and the author of the recent terrorist attack at the Kabul airport. Without crushing them there is no future or seizure of power. And the United States, still defeated and in retreat on the continent, seeking to get out of that other swamp that is Iraq, will continue to try to fish in a troubled river, using terrorism, infiltration of agents, spies and mercenaries, while continuing through the Asian seas. threatening China with their provocations and their battleships.
In short, it is that the panorama is open and it does not stop and it will not stop being complex. The situation of women is a priority and urgent matter about which it is not enough to declare. You have to act. And it is they who must decide. Terrorism demands firm commitments. The application of sharia is another key point. Either its use is moderated and made more flexible or the country will return, not to the seventh century, as in 1996, but to civil war and chaos. They are points to be defined that will not wait long.