Keys to the challenges that the new NA must face

All these pending issues have been addressed in the first sessions of the Venezuelan Parliament Photo: Wilmer Errades

This past Tuesday, January 5, the National Assembly (AN) elected on December 6, 2020, was installed to start the legislative period 2021-2026.

In this installation session, Jorge Rodríguez was appointed by the majority of the deputies as president of the parliament, who, together with Iris Varela as first vice president and Didalco Bolívar as second vice president, make up the board of directors for the 2021-2022 session. .

This whole process took place in the midst of a climate of internal and external political conflict, which began with the installation of the defunct AN of opposition majority in 2016 and which saw its apex with the arrival of Donald Trump to the presidency of the States United in 2017, giving way to the planning and execution of insurrectionary actions and political and economic isolation of the country.

This panorama poses important challenges to the new parliament, which will also have to work on the reinstitutionalization of a power that was in contempt for five years and ended in ruin caused by the constitution of a parallel assembly by Juan Guaidó and his acolytes.

Dialogue and agreement

In the last 5 years, Venezuelan opposition extremism has assumed the leadership of the Venezuelan opposition from where they promoted their agenda based on violence and systematic aggression in the country, which had as its starting point the election of Julio Borges as president of the parliament in 2017 , who dedicated his administration to the request for “sanctions” against the country and to offer his unrestricted support to the guarimbas promoted by Freddy Guevara, who was the first vice-presidential of the Venezuelan Legislative.

All this resulted in the rupture of any possibility of dialogue in the country and the crushing of moderate options within the opposition camp, a climate that led to high political conflict that worsened with the self-proclamation in 2019 of Juan Guaidó as “interim president ", Giving way to the deepening of the extremist agenda of economic aggression and promotion of violent actions such as the" Gideon operation. "

Jorge Rodríguez made the announcement during the installation speech of the parliament

Given this, the new National Assembly has as its first task the promotion of an agenda for dialogue between the various political and social actors in the country, in order to guarantee social peace and promote an agreement with all sectors that guarantees economic recovery.

"It is not forbidden to fail," said Parliament Speaker Jorge Rodríguez, who announced that the AN will promote a "powerful commission for dialogue with all" in order to open up the field for the country's reconciliation process, which he said will be based on the premise of "sorry yes, but without impunity."

After the first ordinary session of the AN was installed, the Special Commission for Dialogue was appointed, which will be chaired by Jorge Rodríguez, who has experience in the matter after having represented the national government in the dialogue processes undertaken in in 2018 in the Dominican Republic, the secret talks with the opposition extremism in 2019 and 2020, as well as the National Dialogue Table installed with the moderate opposition in 2019 where the formation of a new National Electoral Council (CNE) was agreed, the increase in the number of deputies to be elected and other conditions that led to the election of the new NA that he presides today, as well as the deputies Luis Eduardo Martínez and Francisco Torrealba.

Investigate the extinct AN

The incorporation of deputies under investigation, the declaration of abandonment of the office of the President of the Republic, requests for blocking actions to foreign governments against companies such as PDVSA, the self-proclamation of Juan Guaidó, the misappropriation of Venezuelan assets abroad and planning Violent actions against sovereignty such as the mercenary incursion called "Operation Gideon" are part of the unconstitutional actions undertaken by the AN in the past five years.

To determine the responsibilities of these actions, the new NA decided to appoint a commission to investigate these events, which will be chaired by opposition deputy José Brito, who will be accompanied by deputy Hugbel Roa as first vice president and deputy Vanessa Montero as second vice president.

"This cannot be a commission that works in secret, that promotes and accepts oblivion, amnesia, it must be a commission that works against the people of Venezuela, that listens to the victims of these excesses," said Rodríguez, who was seconded. by the first vice president of parliament Iris Varela, who proposed guaranteeing that within a month there will be significant progress in determining those responsible to be brought to justice.

Speech and sovereign action

Currently in the country an offensive is being planned by the oil transnationals and the US State Department, aimed at promoting the dispossession of the Essequibo territory, using the Government of Guyana.

Jorge Rodríguez hands over to the President of the Republic the AN agreement in defense of the Essequibo

This plan began with the arrival of the right-wing and warmongering David Granger to the presidency of Guyana and continues with the new president Irfaan Ali, showing that this strategy of abandoning the Geneva Agreement and promoting judicial action, is State policy in this nation.

In the midst of this panorama, the previous AN in an ambiguous strategy had dedicated itself to promoting a “nationalist” discourse, where they accused the National Executive of not acting, but along with these positions, they negotiated the handover of this territory with the United Kingdom, in order to obtain the recognition of this State to the so-called “interim government” as evidenced by the call of Guaidó's “ambassador” in this Nordic nation Vanessa Neumann.

"They will not support us as long as we continue with the official line that we want to grab the Essequibo of Guyana ... Drop the topic (drop the topic) is my line," Neumann reportedly said in a call made to one of the self-proclaimed advisers.

Faced with this inherited scenario and in the midst of the conspiracy that is executed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in a trial openly financed by Exxon Mobil, the new parliament has the challenge of reversing these actions and retaking the position of defense of the sovereignty that the legislature of a country must have.

Among the first actions was the designation in the first ordinary session of a Commission for the Defense of Guayana Esequiba and Territorial Sovereignty, which will be chaired by Deputy Hermann Escarrá, who will be accompanied by Earle Herrera and Timoteo Zambrano as vice presidents.

At the same time, they have ratified their support for the actions that the Executive undertakes and is integrated into the tasks undertaken by all the Venezuelan institutions through the National Defense Council and the Council of State, thus breaking with the unchecking that it signed to the previous legislative .

Economic recovery

One of the biggest problems facing the country is the economic crisis derived from the siege, the blocking of assets, and the sanctions against PDVSA, which is the main income-generating industry in the country.

Constitutionally, the management of the economy corresponds to the Executive, who has used a series of formulas aimed at shoveling the effects of what he has called "economic war" and as a turning point to face this scenario and reach the path of economic growth it was launched the Constitutional Anti-Blockade Law.

But this legal instrument will require the support of a series of new laws and reforms to existing organic legal instruments in order to guarantee its viability, a task where the new NA will have a preponderant role as was already announced by its president Jorge Rodríguez.

"We are not going to a privatization wave, we only seek to guarantee the return of productive foreign and national investment that was curtailed by the so-called sanctions where world capital that dares to invest in Venezuela is threatened," he said during interview on Globovisión television.

Some of the existing laws that could be subject to modification are the laws that cover tax matters, investment protection, and others that help in the task of stimulating investment of national and international capital in the country, mainly in the oil and gas industries. mining, which require large investments.

Comptroller to the Executive

Another of the aspects that according to the Venezuelan Constitution is part of the work of the Venezuelan Legislative Power, is the comptroller of the different bodies that make up the Venezuelan State. This mandate was diminished during the previous five years, where in addition, complaints of bribery were registered by the president of this commission, the extremist opposition Freddy Guevara, who a few days after his appointment, arrived at the headquarters of the Parliament aboard an Audi vehicle, owned by the company Trigas, CA, with ties in Panama.

The appointment of this comptroller commission gains force as a result of the public request made by the President of the Republic, Nicolás Maduro, on the importance of retaking the role of the comptroller of parliament and the interpellations of the members of the Executive and other Powers of the State .

International recognition

The NA is recognized by the majority of the nations of the world, except for the countries of the Lima Group, the EU, the USA and Canada

Despite the fact that the Bloque de la Patria bench dismisses the importance of the international recognition that has been denied by the governments of Europe and North America, the opposition sector has considered it necessary to initiate this process of contacts with those who are reluctant to recognize the legitimacy of the new AN.

"International recognition does not take away our sleep for the AN“, Said the president of the Parliament, Jorge Rodríguez.

For his part, the opposition deputy Javier Bertucci has indicated that these contacts would allow the Venezuelan State to expand the range of action in the defense of assets abroad and open the floodgates to international credit for financing the economy.

“A new administration is going to be established in the US and we know that the extremists are lobbying. I propose that a commission of this new NA be appointed to begin making contacts and tell the truth about what is happening in Venezuela, ”proposed opposition deputy Javier Bertucci.

This proposal was not well received by the majority bench, making this the only issue where the deputies have not agreed and which will surely continue to be on the table of discussions of this parliament.

All these pending issues have been addressed in the first sessions of the Venezuelan Parliament, which today is the center of attention of the country that aspires to a management aimed at offering laws that allow solutions to the problems of the population and to resume the path of defending the country, but that it will also have the arduous task of reversing the actions of its predecessors who nationally and internationally used this institution to plunge Venezuela into political, economic and social chaos.