The National Assembly, in ordinary session, ordered the publication of the book Constitutional Index of Venezuela, presented by the Ordinary Commission for the investigation, Verification and Dissemination of the Legislative Index in force of the Republic, chaired by Deputy Hermann Escarrá Malavé.
After acknowledging the work carried out by the aforementioned commission and listening carefully to the intervention of the professor, lawyer and constitutionalist, Hermann Escarrá, the president of Parliament, Jorge Rodríguez, expressed the need for the presentation speech to be disseminated, which demonstrates the arduous and thorough work carried out after reviewing the different constitutions and each of the laws that constitute the legal historical heritage of national historiography. ”My congratulations to the members of this commission and to jurists Juan Escalona (First Vice-president of the said Ordinary Commission) and Jose Gregorio Correa (Second Vice-president of the said parliamentary instance). We await the completion of the work of this commission to put order at home and to review brick by legal brick until we build a large structure ”.
During his speech, the parliamentarian Escarrá made a magisterial and pedagogical speech when he made a tour of the different constitutions of the country, from 1811 to 1999, the product of an original power exercised by the people, through the National Constituent Assembly.
He explained the origin of the 1999 Venezuelan Constitution and its historical antecedents, referring to issues related to the reality of the country, highlighting once again that the “1999 Constitution is a feeling of love that is expressed as a poem through values".
He also carried out a detailed analysis on the call to the National Constituent Assembly of 2017, which had among its objectives the search for peace among Venezuelans, deepening aspects of the social order collected in the missions and large social missions in protection of the weakest sectors economically and socially, and establish norms to protect the country from the siege.
Escarrá firmly assured that "the constituent convened in 2017 saved the Republic, led us to peace, led us to be here, and despite ideological differences, we are together for the same national interests," highlighting the historic decision relative to taxes, where they were required to pay taxes to those who had the most and protection to those who had the least (...) It was a great constituency and I am convinced that this is the constituent of Peace, democratic stability and democracy ”.
Parliamentarian Hermann Escarrá Malavé recalled that in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela there have been 27 constitutions and only that of 1999 has been a direct product of popular consultation and participation, highlighting that “the one approved in December 1999 was only a girl, the one who it was outraged and morally diminished before the Statutes of Carmona ”.
He recognized that the legitimacy of the 1999 Constitution lies with the people and made reference to “the idea of the Original Constituent Power, with Joseph Emmanuel Sieyès and Rousseau's theory, the Social Contract basically, but Sieyés at a time of the revolution explained in his work on the State that is The third State, among other things, that there is a supreme power to the nation, where it is represented, that it is an original power, and that it is even above the current legal order, from there it begins the French Constituent Assembly ”.
He continued by stating that "in Venezuela we have had, from 1811 to 1999: 27 constitutions, 16 constituent processes, 12 constitutional reforms, 2 amendments, and a reform process that was not concluded - presided over by the then senator for life, Rafael Caldera."
Escarrá said that at that precise moment “a process of delegitimization of the institutions began and what French doctrine calls the constituent moment appears, which is a moment of change and transformation to which there is an appeal for a new legitimacy. directly to the people and that is what happened in 1999. At that constituent moment, the leadership of Commander Hugo Chávez, then president, emerged with the flags of the constituent process and a process began that ended with the 1999 Constitution. "
The president of the Ordinary Commission for the investigation, Verification and Dissemination of the Legislative Index in force of the Republic thanked President Nicolás Maduro for carefully reviewing fundamental aspects for national and political pedagogy and the president of the National Assembly, Jorge Rodríguez and his team, who provided all their support in the review of legal instruments approved from 1999 to the present day.
He emphasized that he had dedicated a last part to his work on academic constitutional analysis, confirming that the constituent of 2017 is a clear example of how the Bolivarian Revolution believes in women, in their capacity and declares itself to be emphatically feminist, having a great woman as president like Delcy Rodríguez.
It is important to note that on March 2 of this year, the deputy, Juan Escalona, proposed in an ordinary session of the National Assembly (AN) the creation of an Ordinary Commission to investigate the situation of current and current laws in the country. with the aim of creating an updated legislative index.
On that occasion, the parliamentarian Escalona highlighted the relevance of this work of support not only to the deputies of the AN, but also to jurists, law students, university students, the people, carry out the permanent study of the laws and the legal framework in force in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.