In the well-established task of reinvigorating the National Refining System through financing options, use of its own technologies and new business models, PDVSA studies and seeks to establish strategic alliances with allied countries and corporations, with a clear emphasis on the participation of the sectors. national public and private.
The immediate task is to break the illegal blockade imposed by the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and their subjects and subordinates within Venezuela, a collusion that hinders the normal operations of national refining, generators, among other products, of gasoline and diesel.
To face the blockade, the company's workers are constantly working on identifying and analyzing the causes of non-compliance with the planned production plans, translated into the low yields of the National Refining System. And in the search for solutions.
They have detected that, since 2008, even when the plans had resources, there was a substantial decrease in preventive and corrective maintenance of the industry's assets, which was reflected in a serious and corrosive deterioration of its assets in the amount of 57.133 million dollars, destruction of equipment that was constituted in the previous scenario and propitious for the sanctions to achieve their objective of damaging and paralyzing the company.
Not enough with the impossibility of obtaining foreign currency financing from suppliers fearful of US sanctions, added to the already imposed coercive and illegal measures, since October 2020, the ban on PDVSA from importing or exchanging oil for diesel and its fuel manufacturing components.
The PDVSA 2020 Commissioner's Report highlights that this has had a severe impact against an essential line for the generation of electricity, as well as for the transport of cargo, particularly in the transportation and distribution of agricultural products to consumer markets. It also says that, during 2020, only in January, May and December, the National Refining System managed to produce the essential component for gasoline production, MTBE. In the remaining months, real production was zero, which showed that the accumulated gap between planned production with respect to real production was 96,74% below the 2020 Plan.
The result of this table is that in the Domestic Market, during 2020, an average of 120.130 barrels per day, MB, of products was sold, which shows a decrease of 105.000 barrels per day, 47%, compared to 2019, when the commercialization reached 225.000 BD.
In 2020, local gasoline and diesel sales destined for the automotive, industrial and electrical sectors were 116.870 barrels per day, 97,5% of the total; as lubricants (Bases and Finishes) 0,09 MBD (0,07%) aviation fuel 0,76 MBD (0,63%), marine 1,17 MBD (0,97%) and specialties and asphalt 1,24 MBD.
Gasoline sales in the domestic market in 2020 reached 91,84 MBD and those of diesel 25,03 MBD, for a total of 116,87 MBD. The averages of gasoline consumption in the domestic market, during 2020, reveal a significant reduction in domestic gasoline consumption.
In sales to the domestic market, classified by region, the Andes stand out with the highest percentage of sales (34%), followed by Occidente (19%) and Metropolitana (18%).
Today, the initiatives and perseverances of the workers have managed, together with the national private public sectors, to form alliances and apply operating systems, procedures and their own, sovereign technologies, in the major maintenance of the El Palito refinery. There will be greater production of gasoline and diesel. How many? More. Will it cover the country's domestic demand? No. But that's where the intelligence of the workers is heading.