Municipality and history

The municipality is the “root of the Republic”. The categorical definition is made by the historian Joaquín Gabaldón Márquez in his 1952 work, the most recent edition of which is that of the Academy of History in 1987. The analysis of the Caracas councilor and UCV professor Eduardo Tamayo Gascue in his Sociology of the Municipality of 1960.

The reasoning behind it is based on data that precede the decisive episode of April 19, 1810, whose 211st anniversary we will commemorate in a few days, motivating this note. If we adopt Morón's vision, the council or council was in colonial or provincial times, the first manifestation of the autonomic will of the conqueror, in the words of Don Mario Briceño Iragorry.

The institution of Spanish Public Law that arrived here in 1509 through Cubagua, acquired new vigor in America, fueled by the distance from the metropolis and found here between the cities that were being founded. Also due to the fact of becoming a stronghold of the power of the Venezuelans. They were not democratic bodies, but there was born both the national sentiment that would end up being pro-independence and the uses of deliberation for political decision-making. The birth of Venezuelan parliamentarism can be referred to these bodies, as we read in Manuel Alfredo Rodríguez.

So much so that in the middle of the XNUMXth century, seventeen years before the founding of Caracas, representatives of the councils of the existing cities met in Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto and sent a mayor, Sancho Briceño, to raise the problems that plagued them.

In the February 1936 Program, beginning the democratizing reforms after Gómez's death and the end of his regime, López Contreras, on the point of legality, considers the reform of the municipality "that had almost ceased to exist" to be central. Not in vain Andrés Eloy Blanco saw the municipality as the “traditional principle and savior of nationality”. Nothing less.

If I insist on the importance and historical, political and social significance of the Venezuelan municipality, it is not on a whim. I am driven by a deep-rooted conviction that stems from real knowledge of our country, as well as its long and checkered history, but also because I see it threatened by irresponsible legislative bills that belittle it and seek to replace it with essentially artificial constructs of ideologism or rhetoric.


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