Two recent documents have highlighted in depth the situation in the country, from different perspectives for the interpretation and management of the current situation.
We refer to the academic document prepared by Jennifer McCoy and Murat Somer (AAPSS), entitled "Towards a pernicious theory of polarization and how it damages democracies: comparative evidence and possible remedies." And to the “Report of the UN Special Rapporteur”, Ms. Alena Douhan, which concludes on “the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights”. With "devastating effect on the entire population", especially those with the lowest income, women, children, health personnel, people with disabilities or chronic diseases.
Despite the importance of both works, the second one received greater diffusion, repercussion and political discussion. As expected, the Dohan report had a double reading, typical of a society victim of a pernicious polarization, divided into fields of mutual mistrust of "us against them".
According to McCoy and Somer, pernicious polarization arises when politicians, leaders, and political actors pursue their objectives using "polarizing strategies and / or polarizing tactics." Among them are the mobilization of followers with offensive, stigmatizing and intentionally directed speeches to deepen pre-existing differences. Conversely, opposing political elites respond with polarizing tactics, or are unable to offer conciliatory responses with depolarizing intent.
As was foreseeable, the UN Report found fertile ground in the prevailing polarization, generating a double reading around the conclusions. As a secondary effect, it affected the already fragmented opposition, a propitious space for internal “pernicious polarization”. Added to this are the European Union sanctions against representatives of the moderate opposition in the CNE. Surprising measure, interpreted by the critical opposition as a serious error that harms "centrist movements" and hinders democratic solutions to the crisis.
We emphasize the importance of the dialogue for the strengthening of the centrist opposition movement.