In our previous analysis we dealt with movements, adjustments and changes in the geopolitical scene of the region with special emphasis on the country, concluding in the necessary impulse of a critical geopolitics.
Thanks to the interaction with our readers, we return to the subject with a view to deepening its concept and scope. Critical geopolitics focuses its attention on geopolitical discourse as a social reality constructed and susceptible in addition to being analyzed by itself, without underestimating the analysis of the political context where said discourse takes place and is generated. From where it is required to know and understand both contextual factors and underlying symbolic aspects. Thus, the discourse becomes a key element for understanding geopolitical phenomena, specifically the threats and interests of those countries that seek, as a project in the field of foreign policy, a hegemonic and imperialist position in the current regional system . As is the dominant regional situation around Venezuela.
Hence, the critical current was given the task of classifying discourses according to their origin, context and elements that generate them. Posing the existence of three types: practical geopolitics that encompasses the speeches made by state leaders and the bureaucracy in charge of the country's foreign policy; formal geopolitics that focuses on discourses from study centers and universities; to close with the popular geopolitics resulting from the speeches issued by the media and social networks. In our case, the speeches for the most part are inevitably crossed by the prevailing political polarization in the country, which complicates the panorama. A condition that undoubtedly contaminates and / or prevents any politically concerted attempt to define, design and execute a critical geopolitical national strategy.
However, despite the prevailing geopolitical conditions, the conflictive dominant discourses, plus the internal political polarization, we believe that a political agreement is necessary, obligatory and urgent with a view to rethinking and redefining a critical geopolitical strategy towards a new regional impulse.