Social innovation: alternative of resistance to coercive measures

From the moment that Venezuela is classified as a threat, in 2015, there have been a number of events known as sanctions, unilateral coercive measures and blockade, making the subject an exciting space for investigation, not only for the analysis and understanding of the phenomenon, but because of the response capacity of the Venezuelan people in the face of this situation.

We could refer to sanctions from the point of view of the economic, political, social, cultural and international impact, however, I would like to highlight in this opportunity, the way how, from a courageous position, social innovation is positioned among the alternatives of the management of government and from community action to face the situation that directly affects the daily life of society.

There is a logic of operation in the industrial field, which has given significance to innovation as a process that involves scaling, patenting and commercialization in the market. However, producers, peasants, women organized in each of the country's regions, define themselves as innovators or innovators and incorporate or propose a set of projects that they classify as innovations, with products that are not always scalable and different from those that could be considered as innovation in the context of international indicators.

That is why we consider that in Venezuela processes, modes of organization, modes of management, products and projects are being developed that, in a different and novel way, generate local and community solutions. It is to these processes that involve networks, alliances, community organizations and diverse methods and that additionally have real expression in the territory through variables of critical vision, such as knowledge to innovate, mutual learning, socialization of knowledge, social bonding, popular construction. , what we are considering as social innovation.

Thus, experiences such as productive innovation networks, alliances between scientific and peasant knowledge, food alternatives, food processing initiatives, new organizational forms for food distribution, among many others that we could mention, demonstrate capacity community organization, collective and collaborative participation, joint social management with instances of technical support by the State, and specific solutions to local needs, which makes these experiences a form of resistance in the territory to the negative impacts of the measures , sanctions and blockades that are increasingly evident in the daily lives of Venezuelans.

Our intention is to make these experiences visible, to advance in new forms of measurement that account for another type of innovation whose balance is eminently social and not exclusively economic. In this way, we advance in the definition of social innovation as a process that promotes solutions based on innovative products or projects for solving local problems, linked to national priority issues and that generate organizational balances in the territory. They are the alternatives of more than five thousand Venezuelan innovators and innovators who resist the attacks of an empire day by day. It is, as President Maduro mentioned in 2019: “When one sees that human beings with their knowledge can create science and new things and that this has a practical application for social happiness, one says: this is the way ; science, technology and innovation at the service of the development of an entire country, especially one subjected to an economic blockade "

The author is-president of the National Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation (Oncti)

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