Unilateral coercive measures: A confession of the party | Luis Britto Garcia


We are visited by Alena Douhan, UN Special Rapporteur on "The Negative Impact of Unilateral Coercive Measures on the enjoyment of Human Rights in Venezuela." We send the Rapporteur a detailed response to her questionnaire, which can be read on the blog https://redhvenezuela.blogspot.com. But we also recommend, as well as to all conscious human beings, the examination of the document "Additional Tracking Could Aid Treasury's Efforts to Mitigate Any Adverse Impacts US Sanctions Might Have on Humanitarian Assistance", issued by the "United States Government Accountability Office (GAO)" .


The GAO text contains the clear confession that the United States maintains an illegal, constant, premeditated, cruel and treacherous policy of destroying the economy of Venezuela and the Human Rights of its inhabitants through unilateral coercive measures misnamed "sanctions" . Thus, the GAO admits that: "The performance of the Venezuelan economy has continuously declined for almost a decade and has fallen sharply since the imposition of a series of sanctions by the United States that began in 2015. For example, the economy declined from a slowdown from 6.2% in its gross domestic product in 2015 to a decrease of 35% in 2019 and a decrease of 25% in 2020. Sanctions, particularly those imposed on the state oil company in 2019, surely contributed to an even more pronounced decline of the Venezuelan economy, fundamentally by limiting the income from oil production ”. It is the United States government itself that establishes the causal relationship between the so-called “sanctions” and the destruction of our economy.


As with any confession to a crime, the GAO cites extenuating circumstances: “The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the State Department have requested reports from United States-funded humanitarian organizations on the challenges they face, including the effect of sanctions. The United States Department of the Treasury and the Department of State, they have also taken steps to mitigate the negative consequences ”. Among Americans you see yourself. The USAID, the Department of State, the Department of the Treasureand US-funded NGOs inflict unilateral coercive measures called sanctions, measure results, and attempt to "mitigate negative consequences." But are coercive measures imposed to achieve positive consequences? And if your concern about the negative effects of them is so sincere, why not stop them? 


Talking about declines in the internal economy caused by external forces sounds very abstract, but it has concrete effects on the human rights of the victim population. We cite the GAO's statements, some controversial, but which reveal their perception of reality: “According to a recent domestic survey by a Venezuelan university, an estimated 96% of the Venezuelan population lived in poverty in 2019. Additionally, a statement of the Food for the World Program of the UN, estimated that more than 9 million Venezuelans, approximately one third of the population, lacked reliable access to a sufficient amount of nutritious food. It would be an abrupt change from 2015, when our indicators showed only 4,7% extreme poverty. As if to fill the United States and the opposition that obeys it with pride, having supposedly increased the poverty of Venezuelans by 91,3% in less than a five-year period.  


The excuse for such criminal measures would be that "Maduro declared himself victorious in a Presidential election that the Venezuelan National Assembly, as well as many external observers, considered as not free and fraudulent." But that National Assembly does not have powers to invalidate elections, apart from the fact that it was elected in elections governed by the same Supreme Electoral Council and with the same procedure as President Maduro was elected. If the election of the President is “not free and fraudulent,” so would that of the Assembly. On the other hand, what laws, what regulations, what powers empower anonymous "external observers" or the United States government to qualify, validate or invalidate what is happening in another country, and to adopt sweeping coercive measures that, in their own words Would they lead to 96% of its inhabitants falling into poverty and a third of them having no access to food? Let us add that the GAO Report, despite the fact that it states that "the United States recognized Interim President Guaidó as the legitimate leader of Venezuela on January 23, 2019", always speaks of the "Government of Maduro", recognizing that the Government exercises effective, real and operational of the country.   


GAO never tires of listing the dire results of enforcement measures. According to it, "More than five million citizens, about XNUMX% of the population, have fled the country to seek relief from the crisis elsewhere, according to the Platform for Coordination between Agencies for Refugees and Migrants." The news is false: neither the CIA Factbooknor  Index Mundithey record such migratory impacts in neighboring countries. "In XNUMX, the UN expected to assist XNUMX million Venezuelans in need of humanitarian aid in the country." "From XNUMX to XNUMX, the unemployment rate had stabilized on average at XNUMX%, but from XNUMX to XNUMX, it rose from XNUMX% to XNUMX%." GAO does not offer any reliable source to prove the aforementioned increase and acknowledges that it is based on “own estimates”; But if it had such a magnitude and was due to coercive measures, why not suspend them? The answer is simple: the Venezuelan people are subjected to brutal punishment, so that they in turn change their government. It is outright extortion or, as Barak Obama confessed, "twisting the arm" of an entire country. 


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