Developing and applying a ranking to the country's universities is one of the mandatory actions of a university education policy, especially due to the qualitative and quantitative contributions that it would give to carry out the urgent revision that the Bolivarian ideology requires of the communities of these institutions.
The efforts made by the Liberator to make the UCV one of the best in the world has fallen into disrepair not only in this great house of studies, but in what should also be the emblem and pride of his legacy, the Bolivarian University of Venezuela. , UBV, and in many other more improvised than experimental.
The excellence and academic discipline that led the UCV of José María Vargas, Rafael Pizani, Francisco De Venanzi, Jesús María Bianco, just to name four of its magnificent rectors, to carry out more than 50% of the humanistic, social, scientific research of the The country, already a beacon of culture and political activity, has been collapsing due to the erratic and twisted political approach of using that reputation as a weapon to change the government that the Venezuelan people legitimately gave themselves.
And under that political entelechy, inwardly, complacency based on ideological prejudices and political affinities is managing to sow the seeds of anomie, to the point of imposing the subjectivity of power as a norm, and thus causing serious wear and tear and degradation in the once diatribe. intellectual that gushed from their classrooms and hallways.
«At the Central University of Venezuela the system of academic merits was fractured. Now it is more convenient to be a friend of a dean or a rectoral authority who appoints you for an administrative position (…) than being a researcher (…) That is anti-academic », says Professor Rómulo Orta, professor representative before the University Council of the UCV.
Read the Presentation, not refereed, written by the rector Cecilia García Arocha and the academic vice-rector Nicolás Bianco, in the book King Felipe V of Spain and the founding of the University of Caracas in 1721, whose author Alberto J. Navas Blanco, dedicates A Santa Rosa de Lima. Patron of the Central University of Venezuela since 1721.
There it is stated that the positivist scientist, Professor Ucevista, Adolf Ernest, (1832-1899) is Polish, despite having been born in Silesia, Germany; that the School of Computing of the Faculty of Sciences was founded in 1966, even though the UCV chronicler, Idelfonso Leal, points out that it was founded in the 70s; that the distinguished pianist Teresa Carreño (1853-1917) is a UCEV graduate, thus none of her biographical reviews corroborates that she has passed through any of the classrooms of the old San Francisco building.
“In the specific case of the UCV, 172 years had to pass since its foundation to be able to see the first women graduates. It was about the Duarte sisters (Adriana, Delfina and Dolores), who graduated in 1893 with the title of Surveyor by decree of the National Congress, ”says Hora Universitaria, quoting Idelfonso Leal, in his book The History of the UCV.
“Until 1936, only three women, in addition to the Duarte sisters, had been able to graduate from the Central University: María de Jesús Lión (Dentistry, 1904), María Fernández Bawden (Pharmacy, 1924); and Lya Imber (Medicine, 1936) ”, he adds.
In the text, as rich in opinions as it is absent from sources, Arocha and Bianco also say that Mariano Picón Salas was Dean of the nonexistent, at that time, the Faculty of Humanities and Education, since, according to Leal, the eminent Venezuelan intellectual was founder and Dean of the original Faculty of Philosophy and Letters.
And while the governing and union authorities crack, for the benefit of private universities, the hard-won academic authority of the UCV, those of the UBV, and those of most experimental ones abound in decisions and actions driven by improvisation and political cronyism, taken by individuals and groups thirsty for academic degrees and power.
The deficiencies of the UBV are so evident and voiced by students and teachers in their offices, classrooms and corridors, that the author of this note can be exempted for lacking the inexcusable absence of statistics on the state of university education in the country.
Due to the number of universities, age, enrollment, teaching staff in the experimental, there are few research plans that generate relevant knowledge. The unethical "I work little because I earn little" predominates. They apply weak and fragile disciplines of teacher promotion. There are few high-level professors.
They lack collegiate elected bodies of government and co-government. They violate and "bypass" according to the subjectivity and personal interests of the teacher, the student attendance regulations, and with them they throw the evaluation regimes into the waste. The chairs, as a cell for dialogue and knowledge, are inhibited by intolerance and fear of reprisals.
Of course all this criticism is relative. Many are not so, true. But they are the dominant trends. The vulgar and embarrassing "chapeo", which gave Blanca Ibáñez a university degree, at the Santa María University, must be eliminated, along with the thousands of "revolutionary" excuses and "automatic solidarity" between teachers and students, for failing to fulfill academic tasks and thus obtain Honor Promotion titles to my parents and Hugo Chávez, more useful for wall nails than for the actual exercise of the profession.
The task is tough. It is not easy to erase the instrumental, exclusive and meritocratic ideology of obtaining the title as the sole and exclusive purpose of the educational fact, especially when there are authorities from the same universities, and even ministers, who have used so much anomie to receive academic degrees.
Hence, to stimulate internal spaces for discussion, help institutions to provide information and reduce so many behaviors outside the academy, it is necessary to create a Ranking of universities, as they exist in many countries, including Cuba and China.
One of the challenges is to reverse the trend described by the Scimago ranking, which offers information and comparisons of the production of scientific articles by countries. Articles and citations are the best understood and most accepted measure of the academic and research strength of universities.
According to their data, taken from the Scopus database, Venezuela in 1997 generated 1.256 citable scientific articles; In the following years, it grew to reach a maximum of 2.315 citable articles in 2009; Starting in 2010, it began to decrease and for 2019, 1.235 citable articles were published, 25 less than those published in 1997.
As a country, Venezuela from 1996 to 2006 generated more research articles than Cuba, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Uruguay. As of 2005, Colombia surpasses Venezuela, the same happens with Cuba in 2010, in 2014 with Peru, in 2015 Ecuador does and in 2017 Uruguay.
As is common knowledge and its weight in public opinion, the academic reputation of the university and its graduates, before the people and employers, is one of the variables of greatest significance to be collected and weighed in the ranking.
Another indicator to be taken into account is the impact of the published work of a scientist or academic. The variable is based on the articles most cited by scientists and the number of citations they have received in other publications.
There is also the number of professors per student and the employment rate of graduates, which examines whether the efforts made by a university are ultimately successful. The percentage of college graduates who are employed up to twelve months after graduation is measured.
There are many more indicators, such as the number of official agreements a university has with employers and ranking all universities accordingly. It is based on the belief that universities that can successfully collaborate with influential employers, providing their students with work experience, funding, and opportunities to demonstrate research initiative, will function as a boost to the employability of their students.