HomeLifeHousing Mission is the flag of the Revolution

Housing Mission is the flag of the Revolution

The social program reached the 5 million milestone and another 3 million are expected to be built by 2030|

A true Revolution is focused on making the extraordinary something everyday. That was the premise that led to the emergence of the Great Venezuela Housing Mission (GMVV) 13 years ago, which a few days ago celebrated the 5 millionth milestone since its creation.

Although the social program was created by Commander Hugo Chávez, it is one of the flagship achievements of the Bolivarian Government and one that President Nicolás Maduro has fully assumed.

Last Thursday, June 6, during the delivery of the 5 millionth home, in the Che Guevara urban development, located in the state of Lara, the head of state called on the militancy to a debate to achieve the goal of 3 million new homes for the year 2030.

“I knew this day was going to come. They waged war on us, but they couldn't stop the Great Venezuela Housing Mission. We continue forward, persevering and persisting,” said the president with joy during the allocation of the housing space.

inherited debt

After the fall of Marcos Pérez Jiménez and with the arrival of the Puntofijista democracy of AD and Copei, the large masses began to settle on the slopes of the hills in an improvised manner in the 60s and during the subsequent 40 years.

As Alí Primera illustrated in his topic Cardboard Roofs, in the absence of housing policies, the Venezuelan people had to face their own reality.

This is how the Caracas neighborhoods emerged, made up of improvised houses made of any type of material, including wood and zinc. Over time, houses began to be made of other types of more resistant materials, such as clay and cement, but even so, they were devoid of public services.

In an interview with Últimas Noticias, Francisco “Farruco” Sesto, former Minister for the Revolutionary Transformation of Greater Caracas, described the housing panorama that Commander Hugo Chávez had to face with the arrival of the Revolution.

He explained that after the landslide that occurred in 2010 in Caracas and La Guaira, where around 32 people lost their homes, the national government saw the need to reorganize resources and create the great mission, with the firm purpose of confronting to the national emergency.

"He (Chávez) had the experience of the Vargas landslide in '99. They were people who moved to the interior of the country and did not adapt, they had work problems," he stated.

It is at that moment when the idea arises of promoting the reorganization of the city to respond to the population, first of all, those who had been affected by the floods.

To achieve this, it was necessary to undertake a true revolution and, with the help of social intelligence, locate land and spaces in the city that were underutilized.

“The thesis was that everyone who lived in Caracas could continue living there (…) He said: 'I pass by Sucre Avenue and I see some warehouses, those could be at the bottom and there could be buildings at the top. There were many spaces there. He told me: 'Farruco, what we have talked about so much, now is the time to put it into practice,'” he recalled.

In this regard, Ricardo Molina, current deputy to the National Assembly and former Minister of Housing, explained that to achieve this reorganization of the city it was necessary for the GMVV to take access to urban land as its fundamental vertex.

“Many families were forced to build on land that was not feasible to live on; even the government policies of the Fourth Republic tended to use those lands far from service areas in risk areas, without access to transportation or close work,” he stressed. .

Decent spaces

The thesis supported by the GMVV is to offer decent living spaces that have basic services for the enjoyment of its inhabitants.

“The best lands were available in truly urban areas, with all public services, with education, with health, to be able to build,” said Molina.

This is when Popular Power plays a fundamental role, through the creation of grassroots groups called the Venezuelan Housing Organization. “These are families that organize to find land to work on their project, including participating in productive or construction processes,” he highlighted.

To guarantee the population's access to homes built through this social program, it was necessary to create a mechanism that could allocate resources and materials for construction, in addition to a credit platform; This is how Construpatria emerged.

"Commander Chávez said: 'with the usual mortgage loans with exorbitant interests it is impossible, we must create financial mechanisms to which the people have access, with long-term credits.' And a number of modifications were made so that people could buy these homes, but also boost the production of construction materials,” he highlighted.

Continue the legacy

Recently, President Maduro announced the merger of the great missions Housing Venezuela and Barrio Nuevo Barrio Tricolor, as a strategy to guarantee the continuity of Chávez's housing project.

“That's the key for us; The world wonders how they have been able to resist 930 sanctions? Because we reinvent ourselves, we reengineer ourselves, we create new things to meet that goal,” the president stressed during the delivery of the 5 millionth home.
In that order of ideas, the former Minister for the Revolutionary Transformation of Greater Caracas praised the courage that the head of State has had in continuing with the Great Venezuela Housing Mission despite the sanctions imposed by the United States Government.
“President Maduro has never let go of the Great Venezuela Housing Mission. With an economic war you cannot import elevators, it was a comprehensive, absolute war against our people and he is there, he did not let that flame go out,” said Sesto.

Right

With the Magna Carta of 1999, constitutional status is granted to the right to housing, for which the State must acquire the commitment to guarantee Venezuelans access to decent roofs.

In this order of ideas and with the emergence of the Great Venezuela Housing Mission, in 2012 the Higher Body of the National Housing and Habitat System was created, attached to the Presidency of the Republic, which has as its purpose the establishment of public policies. at the national, regional and municipal levels for housing development.

Likewise, this organization is in charge of the planning, monitoring and control activities of the GMVV to improve the habitat of the main urban centers of the country.

This body is made up of the President of the Republic, the ministries for territorial development and the head of the Government of the Capital District.

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