Venezuela is moving towards a new electoral day. This time the call is for November 21 and governors, mayors, regional legislators and councilors from all over the country will be elected. The political environment is gradually taking shape, as the parties organize their offer and define candidates. The PSUV is in the middle of the primary campaign set for August 8 and the opposition, in all its versions, apparently she is determined to participate.
Now, far from being a routine political event, the “mega-election” at the end of 2021 acquires a singular importance, since it will take place in the midst of complexes dialogue processes that involve both internal and external actors, an economic blockade that keeps the majority of the population in crisis and a general national and international expectation about the democratic channeling of the Venezuelan conflict.
The foregoing makes the focus of the analysis focus on the participation of female and male voters in these elections. A poll done by Úlltimas Noticias at the end of May it showed that people have enough intentions to go to the polls. However, the level of abstention will depend on the ability of political identities to convince their constituents that the new local and regional authorities will contribute to solving their problems.
That is why we decided to ask our readers what are the priorities that, in terms of management, the governors and mayors who are elected on 21-N should have. We conducted a digital survey on our web portal and social networks that was open between Monday, July 19 and Thursday, July 22, with the following question: What should be the priority of the next governors and mayors? Participants were previously asked to indicate in which state of the country they reside, in order to analyze the results both nationally and by entity. The response options were: public services, security, transportation, infrastructure and roads, economic development, employment, culture and recreation. We obtained a total of 1.210 unique observations and these were the findings:
The material base
The vast majority of responses, on a national scale, focused on two issues, which people obviously consider fundamental to their lives: economic development (38,68%) and public services (34,8%). Only these two options add up to almost three quarters of the observations (73,48%).
This could be a first signal for every candidate or campaign command to know where the shots are going and to focus their batteries on the issues that matter most to the population.
Security and employment ranked as priority for 8,18% and 8,01%, respectively. Infrastructure and roads obtained 5,79% and the transportation option 4,3%. Only 0,66% of the participants considered that culture and recreation should top management priorities.
We can highlight as main signals, firstly, that the vast majority understand that political efforts should be led to broad or collective economic initiatives (economic development), rather than waiting for individual solutions (employment). Second, it highlights the concern for immediate and vital “public services” (potable water, electricity, domestic gas, waste collection, etc.) rather than broader concepts such as “infrastructure and roads”.
It is not the same everywhere
Although the above offers a national overview of the matter, it should not be forgotten that these are elections for regional and local executive positions. That is why it is interesting to observe the demands that the residents have in each federal entity. We present a gallery of graphs where the results can be individually analyzed by status and made comparisons.
Considering the detailed records by entity, we can highlight the following cases:
As is evident, the highest values correspond in most cases to the option “economic development”, this being the main priority. We can rule out Amazonas, since there we obtained only one observation and it corresponds to this option, yielding 100%. Once this is done, the state where the “economic development” response was highest is Delta Amacuro (66,7%), where also the rest of the observations focused on safety and infrastructure and roads, with 16,7% in each case .
The cases of Trujillo, Anzoátegui, Distrito Capital, Miranda, Aragua, Portuguesa and Nueva Esparta differ from the national average in that the main priority for their inhabitants was not "economic development" but "public services." The entity with the highest record of concern for public services is Trujillo, with 55%. In Aragua, both options tied with 37,5%. In Zulia, although "economic development" ranked first (39,9%), it only did so 1,8 points above "public services" (38,1%).
In addition to the data on the dominant values according to the entity, it is interesting to analyze the records according to the answer option. That is, locate the state where each of the options obtained a higher value. These signals are quite useful when it comes to organizing the order of priorities in each territory. We have already said that the entity with the most concern for "economic development" is Delta Amacuro (66,7%) and for "public services" is Trujillo (55%). In the case of “security”, the entity that gave it the most importance was Nueva Esparta (21,1%). Those who feel most affected by “transportation” are the inhabitants of La Guaira (13%). In Táchira there were more records on “infrastructure and roads” (18,9%) than in the rest of the states. The entity that gave the highest priority to "employment" was Sucre (17,9%). And the highest record on "culture and recreation" was located in Monagas (4,2%).
As we said at the beginning, these analyzes can be useful when preparing electoral campaigns, but they also serve to guide public management. In any case, they are a sample of the interests and expectations of the population, which expects from leaders the contribution of solutions to the most urgent and daily problems.