The president of the Iranian Parliament, Baqer Ghalibaf, affirmed this Sunday, June 27, that the Islamic Republic of Iran will not deliver the security recordings of its nuclear facilities from the last three months to the UN nuclear agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency. (IAEA).
Iran's refusal to extend the "technical agreement" with the UN nuclear watchdog has further jeopardized ongoing efforts to revive the 2015 nuclear deal. The decision came after Iran's representative to the The agency, Kazem Gharibabadi, said Iran was "not obligated" to extend the nuclear deal.
"After (the surveillance permit) has expired, nothing has been renewed and therefore none of the information recorded in Iran will be handed over to the (UN nuclear) agency," Ghalibaf told lawmakers. And he added that it will be the Supreme Court's decision whether or not to grant the permit.
Gharibabadi also denied that the three-month agreement signed between Iran and the IAEA in February had been extended in May and noted that the law presented by the country's Parliament, calling for the suspension of cooperation with the IAEA beyond the agreement, was implemented. safeguards.
The agreement allowed the IAEA to have access to information on nuclear activities in the Persian country and also authorized the international organization to carry out unannounced inspections of any such facility.
The objective of this was to monitor nuclear production in Iran and make sure that uranium enrichment limits are not exceeded, despite the fact that the Persian Government has already exceeded the maximums established in the Nuclear Agreement that they signed in 2015. The Agreement states that Iran will not be able to produce uranium enriched to more than 3,67%. But this country exceeded 20% in February of this year and, two months later, stated that it would go for 60%. Thus, it is getting closer and closer to the 90% enriched uranium needed to develop nuclear weapons.
On Friday, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said that not extending the monitoring agreement would represent a "serious concern" for the ongoing negotiations.
On the other hand, Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia's envoy to the IAEA, said in a statement on Saturday that the extension of the agreement "would avoid uncertainties that may have unjustifiable and lasting negative effects."
Iran's decision to stop implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol has prevented the UN agency from conducting inspections at nuclear sites not previously declared in agreements with Iran. However, the agency continues to monitor nuclear sites in the country declared under its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement.
The attempt to save the 2015 agreement
Iran's decision comes amid talks in Vienna that aim to persuade the US to rejoin the agreement and lift sanctions against Iran, and to convince Iran to return to respect production limits. of enriched uranium. The countries that are part of the table are the nations that signed the Nuclear Agreement and are still part of it. That is, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Iran.
All Europeans act as intermediaries in negotiations between the US and Iranian governments, which do not have direct dialogues with each other.
And if the negotiations were complex, now the tension is rising after the decision of the Iranian parliament.
The US caused this situation in 2018
In 2018, former President Donald Trump withdrew his country from the agreement and reinstated the economic sanctions that his nation had pledged to eliminate in exchange for Iran limiting its nuclear potential.
That decision had repercussions, as Iran responded by increasing the production of enriched uranium, to the point of promising to reach levels of 60%.
The nuclear pact that was signed in 2015 made Tehran's nuclear program "exclusively peaceful" as long as the UN Security Council and the EU lifted sanctions against them.
Now, with sanctions by the Americans and with the accelerated nuclear race by Iran, the international community suspects that the Persian country could seek the production of nuclear weapons.
However, Tehran has denied this on more than one occasion and has confirmed that uranium production is not for military purposes. Iran has nine nuclear facilities, of the 18 in the world.
With information from agencies