HomeMonagasIn Monagas the soils are for harvesting corn

In Monagas the soils are for harvesting corn

In each winter cycle, about 315 tons of this item are produced in the Cedeño municipality.

The Cedeño municipality (Caicara de Maturín) of the Monagas state concentrates about 90 hectares of corn for jojoto, from which 315 tons are obtained in each cycle, which is worked by approximately 60 producers, reveals Wilfredo Campos, a producer with more than 20 years of experience in planting corn, beans and milk.

He explained that Monagas has the perfect condition for planting corn, since it has optimal soils in fertility, classified as one of the best in the Monagas state, due to the high availability of water that exists in the Cedeño municipality due to the irrigation system.

The Cedeño municipality is 100% productive. Its 4 parishes: Viento Fresco, San Félix de Cantalicio, Areo and Caicara de Maturín, are producers par excellence of this yellow product. The temperature of the soil, its humidity, the surface residue and the seed sowing depth is perfect for its harvest, which with good crop management allows high yields to be achieved and small producers to plant from 0,5 to 3 hectares of corn.

Likewise, medium and large producers may have a more significant number of hectares.

Campos reveals that it is profitable for small producers, who through the commercialization of jojoto and its derivatives achieve the return of capital in a short term, with which they cover the cost of the financing granted, in addition to generating income to support the family nucleus. .

Producers take advantage of this food with cachapa, sweet corn buns, arepa pilada, arepa peeled, mazamorra, jojoto cob and desserts.

May is the month

Corn planting begins with the rain cycle, which begins this month of May. The rainy cycle allows for higher yields, because all producers have access to rainwater; however, in the north-summer cycle, excellent yields can also be obtained, as long as the producer has access to the irrigation system.

The excellent soil conditions of the municipality allow for a diversity of crops such as roots and tubers, specifically sweet and bitter cassava, cereals such as corn, soybeans and sorghum, vegetables, fruit trees, and in the high areas, legumes, musaceae and coffee.

There are two crop cycles: short cycle which has a period of 3 months (120 days); long cycle: 10 to 12 months; and perennial crops that remain for 25 continuous years. Management is characterized by making soil amendments, applying herbicides, insecticides and fertilizers.

After the harvest, the soca (crop residue) remains in the soil; it serves as a cover of dry plant matter that contributes to improving the plant layer and soil structure.


For jojoto corn, which is what is planned to be harvested with this Conuco Plan, the current price of a bag of 100 jojotos ranges between 6 to 8 dollars, in the municipal market. The price will depend on supply and demand depending on the harvest.

According to the Conuco Plan, the financing that the producer must pay has a production cost that ranges from 145 dollars per 0,5 hectares, with an input kit that includes the seed.

The agreements currently being worked with, through the state government, have been made with the Banco Bicentenario del Pueblo, which has delivered a tool kit and agricultural implements. They have also acquired institutions such as Fondeem.

This conuco plan works with yellow corn variety Inia 7; However, there is also production from hybrid material on the market.

Turén 2000 (white corn), Morao (white corn), Guanape (yellow corn) and Inia 7 (yellow corn).

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