The president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, formally asked the Senate this Friday to open an impeachment process against Supreme Court judge Alexandre de Moraes, who is investigating him in a case about the dissemination of false news and attacks on democracy.
This act of the far-right leader is part of the institutional pulse that he maintains with the Judicial Power, which in recent weeks has tightened the siege against the president and his allies for his campaign to discredit the Supreme Court and the electoral authorities.
An official from the Planalto Presidential Palace was in charge of presenting in the Upper House the petition, signed by Bolsonaro and the State Attorney General, Bruno Bianco, to initiate a political trial for impeachment purposes against De Moraes.
Last weekend, the president announced that he was going to officially request an 'impeachment' against De Moraes and Luis Roberto Barroso, another of the eleven judges of the Supreme Court and current president of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), although he finally desisted from including the latter.
De Moraes es el juez instructor de una investigación en la que Bolsonaro figura como sospechoso y que intenta averiguar el origen y la financiación de una red de «milicias digitales de ultraderecha» que se encargan de propagar contenido falso y ataques contra la democracia a través de internet.
Este mismo viernes, el magistrado autorizó ordenó allanar las residencias de una decena de personas, entre ellas el diputado Otoni de Paula y el cantante ultraderechista Sergio Reis, acusados de «conspirar» contra las instituciones.
En su escrito, Bolsonaro alegó que De Moraes actúa de manera «inquisitorial», con «parcialidad» y de forma «partidaria» al ser «al mismo tiempo investigador, acusador y juez».
The fact that a head of state asks for the removal of a Supreme Court judge has strong symbolism, although it will foreseeably not prosper in Parliament, since the head of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco, has already announced that it is not the ideal time to discuss the matter in the midst of the serious health and economic crisis.
The tensions between Bolsonaro and the Supreme Court and Congress began in the middle of last year, when both powers allowed governors and mayors to adopt isolation measures against the coronavirus pandemic, which the president censures.
Este año, el conflicto institucional se agravó a partir de la agresiva campaña de descrédito del presidente contra el sistema electrónico de votación que funciona en el país desde 1996, el cual, en su opinión, fomenta «fraudes», aunque reconoce no tener pruebas al respecto.
With his popularity ratings in free fall and the latest polls predicting his defeat in the 2022 elections, Bolsonaro has encouraged his supporters to take to the streets on September 7, when the Independence of Brazil is celebrated, to protest against the Supreme Court and the Electoral Justice.