Of the 2.732 tanker trucks used by PDVSA's subsidiary Empresa Nacional de Transporte, ENT, to transport and supply gasoline and diesel to Service Stations in the country, a total of 1.945, 70%, are paralyzed due to associated causes the lack of spare parts imposed by the US blockade against Venezuela.
The PDVSA Commissioner's report reveals that in 2020 the ENT transported an average of 111 thousand barrels per day, MBD, of fuels, with a fleet made up of 695 owned units (88%), and 92 outsourced units (12%), for a Total fleet of 787 units available, out of the 2.732 units registered as infrastructure.
At the end of 2017, the ENT had 1.496 chutes and 1.280 tanks, a figure that detracts from the fuel transport fleet, which at the end of 2019 reported 848 chutes and 929 tanks, which have been reduced to 787 units at the end of 2020.
"The lack of maintenance addresses the difficulties imposed by the US boycott, which, among other effects, prevents financing and obtaining supplies related to spare parts, components and supplies in general, necessary to recover the transport fleet," he says.
The Planning management of the PDVSA ENT subsidiary has said that given the high level of obsolescence of the transportation units that make up the fleet and to keep them “in use” operational, the company continues to allocate significant amounts of resources for maintenance, which also includes in search of alternative sources of materials and spare parts for this activity.
Despite having few units available, the ENT presented a response rate to transport requests of 100%, primarily due to the decrease in the supply of fuels to the national energy market.
To supply fuels to the 1.570 active service stations in the country, tanker trucks traveled 33 million kilometers, a little more than half (50,22%) of what they traveled in 2019, when they moved 49,65 MMkm.
The National Refining System produced 91,84 MBD of gasoline and 25,03 MBD of diesel. In the domestic market, during 2020, an average of 120,13 MBD of products was marketed, observing a decrease of 47% (105 MBD) compared to 2019, when sales reached 225 MBD.
Local sales include gasoline and diesel with 116,87 MBD. In sales to the Domestic Market, classified by region, the Andes stand out with the highest percentage of sales (34%), followed by the West (19%) and Metropolitan (18%).
The report highlights that during 2020 there was a significant reduction in internal gasoline consumption, which is evidence of the efforts made in the country to combat fuel extraction smuggling.
Regarding this orientation, the document reiterates the importance of prioritizing the use of the Global Positioning System (GPS) device, to facilitate the location of the fuel transport units, from the exit of the Distribution Plants (PD) - Service Stations ( EE / SS) - Distribution Plants, with particular emphasis on the states with the highest risk of smuggling in the line: Táchira, Mérida, Zulia and the Guayana region.
The last monitoring identified 101 units in the Andes, 57 in the West and 37 in Guyana without GPS, which represents a security risk, compromises the timely delivery of fuel, in addition to representing an element of weakness in the Fuel Control System in the border states.
"It is reiterated that the data of 548 units without GPS satellite control, constitutes a relevant matter that impacts the Internal Control System in the distribution of fuel, since it is not possible to determine the location and destination of that land transport fleet."
ENT workers are in the task of defining strategies that allow the company a stable cash flow, which guarantees to maintain its operations over time, as well as review and evaluate the costs associated with the distribution and transportation of liquid fuels In the domestic market, consider the subsidy issued by the State and the impact on income level or the increase in fuel billing rates authorized by the Shareholder.
Faced with difficulties in obtaining spare parts, NCD workers execute spare parts inventory control plans, to attend to the maintenance of fuel transport units, promote development projects and technological update of the GPS equipment monitoring system, for transportation units and maintain communication with the Ministry of the People's Power of Petroleum to establish guidelines and update fuel transportation prices at the national level.